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Fourteen new 2,5-disubstituted-1,3,4-oxadiazoles, namely (i) six 2-[2,2-dimethyl-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-cyclopropyl]-5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazoles and (ii) eight 2-substituted-phenoxymethyl-5-substituted-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazoles, were synthesized and evaluated for their insect growth regulatory activity against second-instar larvae of armyworm (Pseudaletia separata Walker). Two of these compounds (7 and 8) showed good insecticidal activities, with LC(50) values of 14.33 and 15.85 microg/mL, respectively. Steric parameters (e.g., the molecular length d and the ratio of the nonpolar surface area and polar surface area V(1)/V(2)) and semiempirical quantum parameters (e.g., the molecular total energy E(t) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy E(LUMO) and so on) of these compounds, as well as those of six other 2,5-disubstituted-1,3,4-oxadiazoles reported, were acquired by the molecular modeling method and the PM3-SCF-MO method, respectively. With the help of the synthons' activity contribution method based on the Free-Wilson approach in its Fujita-Ban variant, quantitative structure-activity relationships were studied by regressing half-lethal concentrations against the above parameters.  相似文献
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