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ABSTRACT:   Phytoplankton used in fish hatcheries is mass-cultured in the open air and usually contains large numbers of bacteria. In commercial fish production, the phytoplankton cultures are usually added into the larval rearing tanks; however, the numbers and types of bacteria introduced into the rearing tanks simultaneously are unknown. In this study, the bacterial community structures in Nannochloropsis sp. cultures were analyzed by using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). A direct viable count (DVC)-FISH analysis was also performed as DVC is useful for the detection of actively growing cells. Total numbers of bacteria in Nannochloropsis sp. cultures ranged from 7.72 × 105−2.39 × 106 cells/mL. High proportions of the total bacteria (31.6–53.6%) in the Nannochloropsis sp. cultures showed growth potential. DVC-FISH analysis revealed that α-proteobacteria and the Cytophaga – Flavobacterium cluster were abundant in the bacterial community of actively growing cells. Thus, the high growth potentials of the distinct bacterial communities in Nannochloropsis sp. culture must influence the bacterial communities in larval rearing tanks.  相似文献
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Bacterial community structures were analyzed in water used for rearing fish larvae by fluorescence in situ hybridization. In Experiment 1, red sea bream Pagrus major larvae were reared in two commercial seed production tanks. The survival rate in Tank 1 was higher than in Tank 2, even though phytoplankton, Nannochloropsis sp., was added to both tanks. In Tank 2, γ-proteobacteria became dominant (∼70% of total bacteria) on day 13, there after heavy larval mortalities occurred. In Tank 1, however, α-proteobacteria and the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium cluster were predominant from day − 1 until day 13; no significant mortality was recorded. In Experiment 2, marble goby Oxyeleotris marmoratus larvae were cultured with or without Nannochloropsis sp. At the end of the experiment, larval survival rates in aquaria with Nannochloropsis sp. were significantly (P <0.05) higher than those without. In rearing water without Nannochloropsis sp., γ-proteobacteria increased during rearing. In rearing water with Nannochloropsis sp., α-prote obacteria and the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium cluster were predominant at the beginning of the experiments and the relative abundance of γ-proteobacteria was maintained at a lower level throughout the experiments. The predominance of α-proteobacteria and the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium cluster appears to be a good indicator of successful larval production.  相似文献
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为研究添加芽孢杆菌对池塘水体理化因子和细菌群落结构的影响,采用高通量测序技术分析了实验组(添加芽孢杆菌池塘)与对照组(普通池塘)水体和底泥细菌群落结构,同时分析了两种池塘水体和底泥的理化指标。结果显示,8、9月实验组池塘水体中TN、${\rm{NH}}_4^ + $-N和${\rm{NO}}_3^ - $-N含量显著低于对照组,底泥中的${\rm{NO}}_3^ - $-N、${\rm{NH}}_4^ + $-N、TN和TP含量显著高于对照组。实验组池塘水体中发酵单胞菌属(Zymomonas)、玫瑰单胞菌(Roseomonas)、脱氯单胞菌(Dechloromonas)和噬几丁质菌属(Chitinophaga)细菌丰度显著高于对照组。在这些细菌群落中,脱氯单胞菌、噬几丁质菌属有去除硝酸盐的作用,发酵单胞菌属、玫瑰单胞菌具有脱氮的功能。实验组池塘水体Chao1指数和Shannon指数显著高于对照组。水体中优势细菌群落中的噬氢菌属(Hydrogenophaga)、GeothermobacterHaliscomenobacter与硝酸盐、总磷呈负相关性,与氨氮、总氮呈正相关性。研究表明,通过向池塘添加芽孢杆菌,可以改变水体中细菌群落的结构,从而实现对池塘理化因素的调节。研究结果为降低水产养殖尾水对水域环境的污染具有一定的借鉴意义。  相似文献
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为提高对虾养殖系统水质净化能力,改善对虾养殖水环境,利用3种微生态制剂(枯草芽孢杆菌、硝化细菌、光合细菌)和2种生物膜载体(陶粒、纤维毛球)建立4个南美白对虾(Penaeus vannamei)养殖系统,比较不同养殖系统硝化功能的建立过程及对氨氮和亚硝酸盐氮的净化能力,采用高通量测序方法分析细菌群落结构。结果表明,各系统硝化功能建立后,24 h氨氮去除率较初期分别提高12.47%、13.95%、17.25%和17.65%。以纤维毛球为载体,投加硝化细菌、枯草芽孢杆菌和光合细菌系统的氨氧化能力和亚硝酸盐氧化能力强于陶粒系统,24 h氨氮去除率分别高9.03%和9.06%。投放虾苗后,在30 d养殖周期内各系统氨氮和亚硝酸盐氮含量分别维持在0.20 mg/L和0.15 mg/L以下,硝酸盐氮含量呈缓慢上升趋势。细菌群落结构分析表明养殖系统生物膜中优势菌门均为变形菌门,占比超40%;优势菌纲为α-变形菌纲、β-变形菌纲、γ-变形菌纲,系统中存在Nitrosomonas、Nitrospira和Nitrococcus等多种参与水体净化以及Algisphaera、Gemmatimonas和Paucibacter等参与有机质分解与对虾益生作用的类群。本研究可为减少养殖水体废物排放及降低水生环境污染风险提供参考。  相似文献
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