首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   7702篇
  免费   416篇
  国内免费   345篇
林业   2214篇
农学   260篇
基础科学   220篇
  1070篇
综合类   3204篇
农作物   82篇
水产渔业   221篇
畜牧兽医   159篇
园艺   715篇
植物保护   318篇
  2024年   37篇
  2023年   132篇
  2022年   185篇
  2021年   197篇
  2020年   241篇
  2019年   293篇
  2018年   119篇
  2017年   223篇
  2016年   299篇
  2015年   311篇
  2014年   512篇
  2013年   582篇
  2012年   821篇
  2011年   795篇
  2010年   600篇
  2009年   536篇
  2008年   452篇
  2007年   499篇
  2006年   428篇
  2005年   258篇
  2004年   173篇
  2003年   165篇
  2002年   103篇
  2001年   96篇
  2000年   77篇
  1999年   74篇
  1998年   34篇
  1997年   30篇
  1996年   26篇
  1995年   32篇
  1994年   20篇
  1993年   17篇
  1992年   21篇
  1991年   15篇
  1990年   15篇
  1989年   23篇
  1988年   18篇
  1987年   3篇
  1984年   1篇
排序方式: 共有8463条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
针对近年来不利气象条件频发情况,分析了不利气象条件对果业生产的影响,提出减轻不利气象条件对果树影响的建议和不利气象发生后果园的管理要点。  相似文献   
2.
探讨了西北工业大学金叶信息技术学院中心绿地的景观设计方案,本着生态可持续发展、以人为本和浓郁文化内涵的原则,创造一个以自然景观和人文景观相结合的优美环境,为师生提供具有园林艺术氛围的学习、交流、休闲、娱乐和生活的场所.  相似文献   
3.
介绍了不确定度理论及其评定方法,结合车辆碰撞事故的具体特点,给出了基于能量守恒的车速计算表达式.通过选择适当的输入参数作为不确定因子,分别计算各分量等效速度标准不确定度.考虑不确定度累积和传播,得到车速输出结果的合成标准不确定度和展伸不确定度,以此检验事故再现结果的准确程度.通过具体事故案例的分析计算和计算机检验,验证该方法的适用性.  相似文献   
4.
The Chilean Intermediate Depression to the north of Santiago has experienced a physiognomical transformation from a Prosopis chilensis woodland to an Acacia caven savanna. Today P. chilensis trees are scarce and belong mostly to the larger size classes. By contrast A. caven seems to reproduce frequently and its populations consist of individuals of all size classes. In this paper we document these changes and report the results of tests aimed at determining the causes of these physiognomical changes. We found that livestock, leporids, introduced Mediterranean forbs and agriculture account for differences in seed dispersal and survival of A. caven and P. chilensis, which can explain the documented changes in the Chilean landscape.  相似文献   
5.
m0uurn0NTheecologicalintegrityOfallworidisdependedonourcomPrehensi0nandrepetOthestrUctUre,fonchonandchangsOflandscaPe.However,dwtngndalPrachcePr0Cess,theunmpdeveloPmenandmaremadediswtanceusuallycausethetwadationofenvironmenquality,andalsocausethech~soforiginalcharacteriSticsoflandscare.TheObjechveofthisstudyistorebulltaho-.mogeruzelandscapeStrUctUreandanimProvedecologicalenvironnent.Ebinurlakeregion(includeEbinurlake--thesecondlargestlakeinXinjiang)locatesinBortalaMongOliaAutonomousS…  相似文献   
6.
潜江小城镇的水资源丰富但开发落后,绿系统不完善,街景缺乏工艺性。在对现状调查分析的基础上,提出了对过境公路、水体、街景进行动感空间、情感空间规划的建议,对乡土化设计、恢复性设计进行了探讨。  相似文献   
7.
A method developed to evaluate the cumulative effect of wetland mosaics on water quality was applied to 33 lake watersheds in the seven-county region surrounding Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to record and measure landscape variables derived from aerial photos. Twenty-seven watershed land-use and land-cover variables were reduced to eight principal components which described 85% of the variance among watersheds. Relationships between lake water quality variables and the first six principal components plus an index of lake mixis were analyzed through stepwise multiple regression analysis. A combination of three landscape components (wetland/watershed area, agriculture/wetlands, and forest/soils components) explained 49% of the variance in a trophic state index, even though most of the lakes examined were already highly eutrophic, and thus were influenced by internal loading. The regression equations explained a range of 14 to 76% of the variation in individual water quality variables. Forested land-use was associated with lower lake trophic state, chloride, and lead. High lake trophic state was associated with agricultural land-use and with wetland distance from the lake of interest. The extent of wetlands was associated with low total lead and high color in lakes downstream. Wet meadows or herbaceous, seasonally-flooded wetlands contributed more to lake water color than did cattail marshes.  相似文献   
8.
Change in the spatial characteristics of forest openings was investigated in three forested watersheds in north-western Siskiyou County, California totalling approximately 24,600 hectares. Watersheds with minimal human disturbance were chosen for study. However, fire suppression has been pervasive throughout. Characteristics of forest openings (area, perimeter, distance between neighboring openings) were measured on aerial photographs taken 41 years apart. An index of regional form was determined for the landscape. Shape complexity for each opening was calculated using two indices based upon fractals. Significant differences were found using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov two-sample test between the perimeters, areas, distance from sample point to nearest opening, and distance between neighboring openings. The perimeters and areas became smaller, and the distances from the sample point to the nearest opening and between neighboring openings became greater over the 41 years between aerial photo sets. The estimated area occupied by openings decreased from 25.8 % to 15.6 % of the study area. No significant difference was found in the shape of the openings except as the shape indices were influenced by changes in size of the openings.This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and it is therefore in the public domain and not subject to copyright.  相似文献   
9.
Landscape-ecological mapping of the Netherlands   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
The Landscape-ecological Mapping of the Netherlands project (LMN project) started in 1983 with the aim of establishing a landscape-ecological database for use in developing and evaluating national land-use plans. The project, working with grid cells of 1 km2, has four working objectives: a) development of mapping potential for basic landscape-ecological data, b) assessment of susceptibility to interventions, c) evaluation of significance for nature conservation and d) production of vulnerability maps, as a combination of susceptibility and significance. In addition to information on soil, groundwater, ecotopes, flora and fauna, the database also incorporates information on physiographical features and entire landscapes. The resulting database is a geographic information system (GIS). This article describes the second phase of the project (1985–1989), covering the Randstad area, and focusses on the methods and the applications potential of the database.  相似文献   
10.
A review of models of landscape change   总被引:23,自引:1,他引:22  
Models of landscape change may serve a variety of purposes, from exploring the interaction of natural processes to evaluating proposed management treatments. These models can be categorized as either whole landscape models, distributional landscape models, or spatial landscape models, depending on the amount of detail included in the models. Distributional models, while widely used, exclude spatial detail important for most landscape ecological research. Spatial models require substantial data, now more readily available, via remote sensing, and more easily manipulated, in geographical information systems. In spite of these technical advances, spatial modelling is poorly developed, largely because landscape change itself is poorly understood.To facilitate further development of landscape models I suggest (1) empirical multivariate studies of landscape change, (2) modelling of individual landscape processes, (3) explicit study of the effect of model scale on model behavior, and (4) scaling-up results of studies, on smaller land areas, that have landscape relevance.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号