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1.
Poor land use management and practice inhibit the growth and establishment of tree seedlings in dryland areas.We assessed arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi(AM)status of Faidherbia albida(Del.)A.Chev.trees grown on different land uses.We quantified the growth and nutrient uptake of F.albida seedlings inoculated with AM from different sources.These efforts were based on soil and fine root samples from the rhizosphere soils of F.albida trees.AM root colonization was determined using the gridline intersect method.Spores were extracted by the wet sieving and decanting method and identified to genus level.The seedling experiment had a completely randomized onefactorial design with four treatments and five replications.Faidherbida albida seedlings were grown in a greenhouse.All in situ F.albida trees were colonized by AM fungi.AM root colonization of F.albida trees was significantly higher(P<0.0086)in area exclosures than on lands used for grazing or cultivation.Spore abundance was significantly higher(P<0.0014)in area exclosures followed by cultivated land and grazing land.Glomus was the dominant genus in all land-uses.AM-inoculated F.albida seedlings grew better(P<0.05)than non-inoculated controls.Seedlings inoculated with AM from area exclosure had significantly(P<0.05)higher growth and nutrient uptake than those inoculated with AM from grazing and cultivated land.This emphasizes the importance of the native soil AM potential for better establishment of seedlings to achieve optimum plant growth improvement and assist in rehabilitation of degraded arid lands.  相似文献   
2.
本试验旨在研究围产期奶牛饲喂过瘤胃胆碱(RPC)对泌乳性能、血液生化指标及繁殖性能的影响。试验采用单因素试验设计,选用60头年龄、胎次、预产期、上一胎次产奶量相近的健康围产期奶牛,随机分为3组,每组20头。Ⅰ组饲喂基础日粮,Ⅱ组和Ⅲ组在基础日粮上分别添加25 g/d和50 g/d RPC,饲喂期从产前3周至产后3周,共42 d。结果表明:Ⅱ组产奶量在产后1~8周显著高于Ⅰ组和Ⅲ组(P0.05);在产后第2周,Ⅲ组的乳脂率、乳蛋白率显著高于Ⅰ组(P0.05);在整个试验期,Ⅱ组的谷丙转氨酶含量显著低于Ⅰ组(P0.05),Ⅲ组的天门冬氨酸转氨酶显著含量低于Ⅰ组(P0.05);产后第1周和第2周,Ⅱ组的β-羟丁酸、非酯化脂肪酸含量显著低于Ⅰ组(P0.05);Ⅱ组的甘油三酯含量显著高于Ⅰ组和Ⅲ组(P0.05),Ⅲ组的总胆固醇含量显著高于Ⅰ组(P0.05);日粮中添加RPC可以显著提高情期受胎率(P0.05),显著缩减奶牛空怀天数(P0.05),也对产后初次配种时间的缩短和配种次数的降低有影响。日粮中添加RPC可提高围产期奶牛生产性能,对血液生化指标和繁殖性能产生有利影响,本试验条件下RPC最佳添加剂量为每头牛25 g/d。  相似文献   
3.
The purpose of this study was to compare responsiveness to environment as well as the stability of newly developed promising lines with traditional commercial cultivars. Subject research was conducted in Ankara between 1983-1989 on common and durum wheat cultivars and lines. Regression coefficient (b) was used as the criterion of genotypes' responsiveness to environment whereas deviation from regression (S2d) and coefficient of determination (r2) were used as stability parameters. Each experiment year was regarded as an environment and yield average of each year was used as the environmental index.
In consequence of the research, it was determined that new varieties with high yield, adaptable to diverse environments could be developed by means of hybridizations between parents having different genetic characteristics which were provided from diverse ecological regions.  相似文献   
4.
Two mungbean varieties, Guj-1 and PIMS-1 differing in their productivity potential, were examined to investigate their photosynthetic system at various stages of growth in relation to yield with two different dates of sowing. Vertical leaves were found to be beneficial. On the other hand, excessive leaf area during the later stages of growth may be detrimental to yield. Lower LAD at seedling stage and overall high NAR values may be reflected in higher grain yield. NAR declined as season progressed and this, in turn, may be related with increase in LAI. The grain yield was considerably more at the first date of sowing as compared to second date of sowing, the effect was being more pronounced in var. PIMS-1 . Various environmental factors recorded at two different dates of sowing and at various stages of growth indicated that these factors may have influenced the yield potential at two different dates of sowing.  相似文献   
5.
在赖氨酸/蛋氨酸+胱氨酸/苏氨酸/异亮氨酸比例为100:68:65:59的玉米—玉米蛋白粉基础日粮中,添加合成的 L-色氨酸构成5种色氨酸(TRP)水平的日粮(TRP 水平分别为0.125%、0.155%、0.180%、0.215%和0.24%)。将35头太湖母猪与长白公猪的杂交仔猪在35日龄断奶时,随机分为5组,分别饲喂上述为同 TRP 水平的日粮,饲养期长达30天。结果表明,日粮(TRP)水平显著影响仔猪的日均耗料量(ADFI)、日均增重(ADG)和饲料转化率(FCR)。TRP 水平为0.215%时,仔猪生长性能最好。TRP 水平为0.24%时仔猪的生长性能与0.215%时差异不显著(P>0.05)。TRP 水平在0.125%~0.215%范围内,仔猪 ADG、ADFI 与 TRP 水平呈正相关,回归方程分别为:ADG(g)=2.57 TRP(mg/kg)-80.21,(r=0.99,P<0.01);ADFI(g)=2.49 TRP(mg/kg)+220.31,(r=0.95,P>0.05);FCR 与日粮 TRP 水平呈显著负相关,回归方程为:FCR=2.877-5.668 TRP(%),(r=0.945,P<0.01).血清尿素氮(SUN)含量与日粮 TRP 水平呈负相关,回归方程为 SUN=19.47-34.35TRP(%),(r=0.95,P<0.05)。从仔猪生长性能和 SUN 两项指标确定 TRP 在理想氨基酸模式中的相应值分别为18和20。在 TRP 水平0.125%~0.215%范围内,血清碱性磷酸酶活性与 TRP 水平呈现正相关,在0.215%时最高;TRP 水平在0.24%时与0.215%时差异不显著(P>0.05)。日粮 TRP 水平对血清谷丙转氨酶(GPT)和谷草转氨酶(GOT)活性无显著影响(P>0.05)。日粮 TRP 水平对血清总蛋白含量无显著影响,而血清蛋白含量随 TRP 水平升高而增加,在0.215%时最高。血清蛋白质系数(A/G)在各 TRP 水平间有显著差异(P<0.05),日粮中 TRP 含量在0.125%时,A/G显著降低(P<0.05),A/G 在 TRP 水平为0.215%时最高,TRP 在0.125%~0.215%之间,A/G 呈现线性递增,回归方程为:A/G=9.34TRP(%)+0.956,r=0.98,P<0.05),而 TRP 水平为0.24%与0.215%的两组 A/G 无显著差异(P>0.05)。  相似文献   
6.
无角美利奴亲本母羊生产性能与血液生化指标的相关性   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
对87只无角美利奴亲本母羊的生产性能及其血液生化指标进行了测试分析,试验结果表明,毛长,毛密,体重与其血清无机磷,血清钙磷乘积,血清总蛋白,血清白蛋白、胆固醇、黄疽指数呈极显著正相关;与血清钠、胡萝卜素,a2球蛋白呈显著正相关;而与血清磨香草酚浊度呈极显著负相关;与硫酸锌浊度、血清谷草转氨酶活力呈显著负相关;与其年龄呈显著负相关。  相似文献   
7.
在沙尘暴应急监测方法研究中,通过对总悬浮颗粒物采样仪器及各种采样参数的研究确定和降尘采样器的研制,制定出沙尘暴应急监测方法。  相似文献   
8.
北疆棉花不同品种叶绿素荧光特性的研究   总被引:8,自引:3,他引:5  
测定了北疆6个不同棉花品种田间叶片的净光合作用、荧光参数的变化。结果表明:晴天棉花叶片的光化学效率(Fv/Fm)随着光强上升而下降,到14∶00左右降到最低值,之后又随光强的减弱逐渐回升;非光化学猝灭系数(qN)则与此相反。棉叶在晴天易发生光抑制,可能会引发反应中心的降解等破坏反应。产量较高的新陆早8号和新陆早10号的Fv/Fm、光化学猝灭系数(qP)均高,且正午过后Fv/Fm恢复较快,不仅能较强地吸收光能,同时还具有较高的PSII的活性和光能转化效率,从而将所吸收的光能有效地转化为化学能,提高光合电子传递速度,形成更多的ATP和ENADPH,为光合碳同化提供充分的能量和还原能力。  相似文献   
9.
The aim of the experiment was to investigate the effects of cage floor and cage density on stress parameters of laying hens. A total of 162 brown laying hens (Hyline Brown), aged 34 weeks, were used in the experiment. Compact-type battery cages, with three floors, were used. Hens were allocated as one, three or five hens in each of 18 cages to obtain three different cage density groups of 1968, 656 and 393.8 cm2 floor area per hen, respectively. The same number of cages with different cage density were allocated to three different battery floors (first floor=top, second=middle, third=bottom) systematically. Values for body weight, mortality rate, egg weight, egg production, egg quality characteristics, egg yolk cholesterol content, the levels of blood plasma corticosterone, serum glucose, total cholesterol and triglycerides, the ratio of heterophils to lymphocytes (H-L ratio), antibody titers, claw length score, foot health score, plumage score and throat skin injuries were taken as indicators of stress. The values for egg weight (P<0.01) at the first floor were greater than the other floor levels. The group with five hens per cage had significantly lower mean estimates (P<0.01) than other groups with respects to body weight (P<0.001), egg production (P<0.001), egg weight (P<0.001) and plumage score (P<0.01), while significantly higher mean estimates for egg albumen index (P<0.01), Haugh unit (P<0.01), serum glucose (P<0.001), and H-L ratio (P<0.001). Serum cholesterol was higher in cages with one hen than that with five hens, whereas plasma corticosterone was lower. Antibody titers in cages with one hen was similar to that with three or five hens; however, those with three hens had higher titers than those with five hens. Values for egg breaking strength, yolk index, egg cholesterol content, and foot health score were not affected by cage density or floor. The results suggest that the allocation of three hens per cage had no measurable effect on health and welfare.  相似文献   
10.
本研究选用40头胎次、产奶量、泌乳期相近的中国荷斯坦奶牛随机分成4组(n=10),试验组奶牛日粮中分别添加45、60和75mg/kg大豆黄酮,在试验前及试验开始后第10天、第20天和第30天颈静脉采血,测定4组奶牛血清钙、磷和葡萄糖水平。结果表明:与对照组相比较,试验1组中血清钙、磷和葡萄糖变化均不显著(P>0.05);试验2组仅血清钙在第30天时显著高于对照组(P<0.05);试验3组第10天和20天时血清钙水平显著高于对照组(P<0.05),第30天时血清钙水平极显著高于对照组(P<0.01),而血糖水平仅第30天显著高于对照组(P<0.05)。  相似文献   
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