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氮、钾及其互作对两种质型小麦品质性状的影响
引用本文:李友军,熊瑛,骆炳山.氮、钾及其互作对两种质型小麦品质性状的影响[J].干旱地区农业研究,2006,24(2):43-47.
作者姓名:李友军  熊瑛  骆炳山
作者单位:1. 华中农业大学植物科技学院,湖北,武汉,430070;河南科技大学农学院,河南,洛阳,471003
2. 河南科技大学农学院,河南,洛阳,471003;河南农业大学国家小麦工程研究中心,河南,郑州,450002
3. 华中农业大学植物科技学院,湖北,武汉,430070
摘    要:在大田条件下对弱筋小麦豫麦50和强筋小麦郑麦9023的主要基础品质性状、粉质及拉伸特性和淀粉糊化特性的氮、钾效应进行了研究。结果表明;增施氮、钾肥对强筋小麦郑麦9023的主要基础品质性状、粉质及拉伸特性的调节效应大于对弱筋小麦豫麦50的调节效应,而对淀粉糊化特性的调节效应则是豫麦50大干郑麦9023。增施氮肥降低了两种质型小麦的籽粒硬度。提高了籽粒的面筋含量,对两种质型小麦的吸水率、形成时间和弱化度及拉伸面积和延展性呈正效应;增施钾肥显著提高了郑麦9023的形成时间和稳定时间。对豫麦50的粉质仪参数呈负效应。而对郑麦9023呈正效应。氮钾配合施用提高了两种质型小麦的吸水率、弱化度,显著提高了籽粒面筋含量。特别是强筋小麦郑麦9023的含量,显著提高了郑麦9023的形成时间和稳定时间,增加了两种质型小麦籽粒的延展性,降低了小麦籽粒的拉伸阻力和最大抗阻;对于淀粉糊化特性,增施氮、钾肥及氮钾配合施用对豫麦50呈正效应(除稀懈值外),施氮的效应最大;增施氮、钾肥及氮钾配合施用增加了郑麦9023的稀懈值,而对其余淀粉糊化特性指标呈负效应,氮钾配合施用的影响最大。

关 键 词:质型  小麦  品质性状    
文章编号:1000-7601(2006)02-0043-05
收稿时间:2005-07-14
修稿时间:2005-07-14

Effects of nitrogen, potassium and their interactions on quality characteristics of two different gluten wheat cultivars
LI You-jun,XIONG Ying,LUO Bing-shan.Effects of nitrogen, potassium and their interactions on quality characteristics of two different gluten wheat cultivars[J].Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas,2006,24(2):43-47.
Authors:LI You-jun  XIONG Ying  LUO Bing-shan
Institution:1. College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China; 2. College of Agriculture, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang , Henan 471003, China; 3. National Engineering Research Center for Wheat, Henan Agricultural University , Zhengzhou 450002, China
Abstract:in order to understand the effects of nitrogen, potassium and their interactions on quality characteristics of winter wheat with different gluten type, two varieties with strong and weak gluten, Zhengmai9023 and Yumai50, were cultivated under the field condition. The results indicated that the regulation effect of nitrogen, potassium and their interactions on main basic quality characteristics, farinograms and extensograms of Zhengmai9023 was higher than on those of Yumai50, but the regulation effect on the properties of starch pasting was opposite. Nitrogen decreased kernel hardness and increased gluten content of two wheat cultivars, and had positive influence on water absorption, development time, degree of softening, extension area and extensibility. Potassium significantly prolonged the development time and stability time of Zhengmai9023. As for the rheological parameters, potassium had negative influence on Yu- mai50 and positive influence on Zhengmai9023. With the compounded application of nitrogen and potassium, the water absorption, degree of softening, gluten content and extensibility of both Zhengmai9023 and Yumai50 were increased, while the extensible resistance and maximum resistance was reduced; the development time and stability time of Zhengmai9023 was significantly prolonged. Nitrogen, potassium and their compounded application had positive influence on the starch pasting properties of Yumai50 except for breakdown value, and the effect of nitrogen was the highest; however, they had negative influence on the starch pasting properties of Zhengmai9023 except for breakdown value, and the effect of compounded application of nitrogen and potassium was the highest.
Keywords:gluten type  wheat  quality characteristics  nitrogen  potassium
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