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苹果矮化砧木SH_1选育及配套栽培技术研究
引用本文:高敬东,王骞,蔡华成,李春燕,杨廷桢.苹果矮化砧木SH_1选育及配套栽培技术研究[J].山西农业科学,2014(4):317-320.
作者姓名:高敬东  王骞  蔡华成  李春燕  杨廷桢
作者单位:山西省农业科学院果树研究所,山西太谷030800
基金项目:国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201203075-02);山西省科技攻关项目(20130311020-5)
摘    要:我国自育本土苹果矮化砧木SH1由山西省农业科学院果树研究所以国光和河南海棠进行种间杂交,历时32 a选育而成,2010年通过了山西省林木品种委员会审定。几十年的区域试验和生产实践已证实,SH1苹果矮化砧木在早果、丰产、耐旱、耐寒、抗抽条、抗倒伏等方面明显强于M26,非常适宜在我国苹果主产区黄土高原和华北平原应用。

关 键 词:SH  苹果矮化砧木  选育  栽培技术

Breeding of Apple Dwarf Rootstock SH~ and Its Cultivation Technology
GAO Jing-dong,WANG Qian,CAI Hua-cheng,LI Chun-yan,YANG Ting-zhen.Breeding of Apple Dwarf Rootstock SH~ and Its Cultivation Technology[J].Journal of Shanxi Agricultural Sciences,2014(4):317-320.
Authors:GAO Jing-dong  WANG Qian  CAI Hua-cheng  LI Chun-yan  YANG Ting-zhen
Institution:( Institute of Pomology, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Taigu 030800, China)
Abstract:SH1 apple dwarf rootstock is derived from the cross of Molus. Rolls x Molus. honanensis by Pomology Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences. It was adopted by Tree Species Committee of Shanxi in 2010. The results of 30-year investigation showed it had good traits as early fruit, high yield, high drought resistance, high cold resistance, anti-sprout, anti-lodging significantly superior to on M~. It is adaptable to the Loess Plateau and the regions with similar climate.
Keywords:SH~  apple dwarf rootstock  selection  cultivation technology
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