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This study established and characterized a new cell line (MAF) from the fin of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala), a freshwater fish cultivated in China. MAF cells proliferated well in medium 199 supplemented with 10 % fetal bovine serum at 28 °C and have been subcultured more than 95 times in almost a year. MAF cells were revived at 90–95 % viability after 3–6 months of storage in liquid nitrogen. Karyotyping indicated that the modal chromosome number of MAF cells was 48. The MAF cell line consisted predominantly of fibroblastic and epithelial-like cells from M. amblycephala, which was confirmed by immunofluorescence and mitochondrial 12s rRNA sequencing. Viral susceptibility tests showed that MAF cells were susceptible to infection by snakehead rhabdovirus, spring viremia carp virus, and channel catfish virus, which was demonstrated by the presence of cytopathic effect, high viral titers, and PCR products. Bacterial cytotoxicity studies showed that extracellular products from Aeromonas hydrophila were toxic to MAF cells. Cu2+ was also cytotoxic to MAF cells, and the 24-h IC50 value was 144.48 μmol/l. When MAF cells were transfected with pEGFP-N1 plasmid, bright fluorescent signals were observed, and the transfection efficiency reached up to 5 %. These results suggest that the MAF cell line may provide a valuable tool for studying virus pathogenesis, as well as cytotoxicity testing and genetic manipulation studies.  相似文献
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It is advantageous for fish to choose different substrate types and brightness based on their current life cycle stage, foraging requirements, predator avoidance and water conditions. We determined the substrate type and brightness preference of hatchery‐reared and wild juvenile Schizothorax wangchiachii and Percocypris pingi under laboratory conditions. Individuals and groups were exposed to four kinds of substrate types (sand: diameter < 1 mm, small gravel: diameter approximately 2–3 cm, large gravel: diameter approximately 10–15 cm, sand and medium gravel mix: diameter approximately 4–7 cm) and two kinds of substrate brightness (black and white). The results showed that hatchery‐reared and wild S. wangchiachii and P. pingi significantly preferred large gravel and black substrates regardless of the number of fish (p < .05). P. pingi had a significantly higher preference for black substrate than S. wangchiachii both in hatchery‐reared and wild individuals (p < .05). Hatchery‐reared and wild individuals of the two species shared a preference for large gravel and black substrates suggesting that substrate preferences might be genetically based. The findings in the present study could be used to improve the rearing conditions for the two species in hatchery and thereafter to enhance its adaptability after releasing to the wild.  相似文献
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