首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   2425篇
  免费   864篇
  国内免费   78篇
林业   87篇
农学   548篇
基础科学   33篇
  361篇
综合类   994篇
农作物   411篇
水产渔业   16篇
畜牧兽医   127篇
园艺   250篇
植物保护   540篇
  2024年   1篇
  2023年   102篇
  2022年   143篇
  2021年   144篇
  2020年   115篇
  2019年   82篇
  2018年   106篇
  2017年   109篇
  2016年   142篇
  2015年   162篇
  2014年   255篇
  2013年   299篇
  2012年   236篇
  2011年   292篇
  2010年   203篇
  2009年   242篇
  2008年   93篇
  2007年   250篇
  2006年   211篇
  2005年   103篇
  2004年   17篇
  2003年   12篇
  2002年   4篇
  2001年   4篇
  2000年   8篇
  1999年   3篇
  1998年   8篇
  1997年   7篇
  1996年   2篇
  1995年   2篇
  1994年   1篇
  1990年   1篇
  1988年   1篇
  1987年   1篇
  1986年   1篇
  1979年   1篇
  1970年   1篇
  1962年   2篇
  1955年   1篇
排序方式: 共有3367条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
Spodoptera litura is one of the most destructive pests in Pakistan and in many other regions of the world. A field collected population of S. litura was selected with spinosad for eleven generations under controlled laboratory conditions to study the cross resistance, mechanism and stability of spinosad resistance in S. litura. The resistance to spinosad in S. litura increased 3921-fold (after eleven generations of selection with spinosad) as compared to a susceptible population of S. litura. No cross resistance between spinosad and emamectin benzoate, methoxyfenozide, fipronil, indoxacarb, profenofos, lufenuron or deltamethrin was found in the spinosad-selected population of S. litura. To find the possible mechanism of spinosad resistance in S. litura two synergists, Piperonyl butoxide (PBO), S, S, S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate (DEF) were tested on the susceptible and resistant strains and on the un-selected field population. The values of the synergism ratios of PBO and DEF were 2.33 and 1.06 for the spinosad-selected strain, 1.36 and 1.06 for the un-selected field population and 1.14 and 1.00 for the susceptible strain, respectively. As high PBO ratio indicates the role of microsomal O-demethylase in causing spinosad resistance in S. litura. The spinosad-resistant and field populations of S. litura were reared without any selection pressure from the 12th to the 16th generation (G12–G16). The spinosad resistance decreased from 3921 to 678-fold in the spinosad-resistant population and from 31.1 to 15.1-fold in the un-selected population of S. litura as compared to the susceptible strain. Spinosad resistance in S. litura has a high reversion rate (−0.15) which indicates that spinosad resistance in S. litura is unstable and can be easily managed by switching off the selection pressure for a few generations or alternating with insecticides having different modes of action.  相似文献   
2.
Tillage changes the physical and chemical properties of soil and can also inhibit or enhance useful and harmful fauna. In agriculture, different tillage technologies are being tried to enhance crop productivity, but little concrete information seems to exist on their effects on pest abundance and damage. To address this lack of information, sowing of wheat was investigated under different tillage systems. In order to monitor pest abundance and damage in altered tillage systems, the present studies on the relative abundance and damage due to insect pests viz. pink stem borer (PSB, Sesamia inferens Walker), termites (Microtermes obesi Holmgren and Odontotermes obesus Rambur) and root aphid (Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis Sasaki) were undertaken in a rice–wheat cropping system during 2010–11 and 2011–12. Pest abundance and damage was monitored in four tillage systems i.e. conventional tillage (CT), zero tillage (ZT), ZT + mulch and rotary tillage (RT) under insecticide protected and unprotected conditions. The application of insecticide did not affect root aphid incidence or termite damage. However, significant differences in PSB damage in insecticide protected (0.9%) and unprotected (1.2%) conditions were observed. The investigations demonstrated that in CT, damage by PSB (0.6%) was minimum; however termite damage (2.2%) was maximum as compared to all other tillage conditions. In ZT, PSB damage (1.4%) was maximum and root aphid incidence (3.1 aphids/tiller) was minimum in comparison to other tillage conditions. ZT + mulch resulted in inter-mediate insect pest incidence/damage; however, RT was the least effective practice which showed relatively high incidence/damage of these three insects (1.2% PSB damage, 1.9% termite damage and 5.1 aphids/tiller). The insecticide × tillage interaction indicated that insecticide application is needed only in ZT and RT for PSB management.  相似文献   
3.
Fluopicolide and pyraclostrobin were new systemic fungicides with highly inhibitory activity on a broad spectrum of oomycetes, but so far the fungitoxicity of their mixtures on the different developmental stages of Phytophthora infestans and whether synergism exists have not been investigated. The joint-toxicity of the mixtures of fluopicolide with pyraclostrobin was determined against the different developmental stages (mycelial growth, zoospore release, cystospore germination and sporangial germination) of P. infestans and late blight on the leaf discs and the potted plants of potato, and whether the synergistic interaction exists in the mixtures of the two fungicides were evaluated in vitro and in vivo based on the synergistic ratios calculated with the Wadley formulas. The protective activity and curative activity against P. infestans and the efficacy duration in controlling potato late blight of the synergistic mixtures of the two fungicides were examined in this study. The results showed that mixtures of fluopicolide (F) and pyraclostrobin (P) at the ratios of 10:1 and 1:4 (F:P) exhibited synergistic interactions and had excellent inhibitory activity against almost all developmental stages of P. infestans. Synergistic interactions of the mixtures at the ratios of 1:4 and 10:1 (F:P) against the mycelial growth of metalaxyl-resistant isolates were more obvious than against the mycelial growth of metalaxyl-sensitive isolates. Synergistic interactions of the mixtures at the ratio of 1:4 (F:P) against the mycelial growth of the most of the tested isolates were more obvious than those of the mixtures at the ratio of 10:1 (F:P). The highest activity of the mixtures was observed against zoospore release at the ratio of 1:4 (F:P) with EC50 value of 0.0044 μg ml−1. The strongest synergistic interaction of the mixtures was observed against zoospore release at the ratio of 10:1 (F:P) with the synergistic ratio of 5.27. The mixtures of fluopicolide and pyraclostrobin at the ratios of 1:4 and 10:1 (F:P) showed synergistic interactions against P. infestans on the leaf discs and intact plants of potato. The EC50 values for protective activity and curative activity of the mixture at the ratio of 10:1 (F:P) were 0.63 μg ml−1 and 0.87 μg ml−1, and EC50 values of protective activity and curative activity of the mixture at the ratio of 1:4 (F:P) were 0.27 μg ml−1 and 0.44 μg ml−1, respectively. At 14 days after spraying of fungicide solutions, the disease control efficacy of the mixtures at the ratios of 10:1 and 1:4 (F:P) was still over 80% at the dosages of 50 μg ml−1 and 100 μg ml−1, and the disease control efficacy of the two mixtures remained at about 97% at the dosages of 200 μg ml−1, indicating long-lasting effective control efficacy of the two fungicides against potato late blight.  相似文献   
4.
Watermelon yield loss due to Fusarium wilt is increasing in the U.S., due in part to the emergence of the virulent race 2 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum, and to the shift in production to triploid cultivars, which generally have less host resistance than previously grown diploid cultivars. One potential management strategy is the use of soil-applied fungicides to reduce Fusarium wilt. The U.S. national program, interregional project 4 (IR-4) supported multistate trials of soil-applied chemicals to manage Fusarium wilt of watermelon. Greenhouse trials were conducted in Maryland, Indiana and Georgia to test the efficacy of 14 chemicals on Fusarium wilt. Based on the performance of these chemicals in the greenhouse, six in Maryland and Delaware and eight in Indiana were selected for subsequent field evaluations. These chemicals were applied once, as a drench at planting, in field trials in Maryland, Indiana, and Delaware in 2008. The fungicides prothioconazole, acibenzolar-S-methyl, and thiophanate-methyl resulted in the greatest reduction in Fusarium wilt, and caused no phytotoxicity. In Maryland and Indiana in 2009, these chemicals were applied through the drip irrigation line alone and in combination, at 0, 2 and 4 weeks after planting. The experiment was repeated in 2010 in Maryland. Prothioconazole alone and in combination with acibenzolar-S-methyl or/and thiophanate-methyl resulted in the greatest decrease in the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) of Fusarium wilt of watermelon in Maryland in 2009. The same trend was observed in 2010 in Maryland where three of the prothioconazole treatments ranked the lowest of all treatments and prothioconazole in combination with thiophanate-methyl had significantly lower Fusarium wilt AUDPC compared to the non-treated control. All chemical applications except for acibenzolar-S-methyl in combination with prothioconazole reduced Fusarium wilt AUDPC in Indiana in 2009. Prothioconazole alone and prothioconazole in combination with thiophanate-methyl ranked lowest in Fusarium wilt AUDPC, although not significantly lower than most other treatments. These studies are the first to demonstrate that the soil-applied fungicides prothioconazole and thiophanate-methyl may provide an additional field management option for Fusarium wilt of watermelon.  相似文献   
5.
Temperature-dependent development of Ascotis selenaria (Denis et Schiffermüller) was studied in the laboratory. Time to egg eclosion decreased with increasing temperature and ranged from 17.4 d at 16 °C to 5.0 d at 30 and 32 °C. Total development times of larvae decreased from 54.7 d at 16 °C to 17.3 d at 32 °C. The development time of pupae ranged from 29.7 days at 16 °C to 10.2 days at 30 and 32 °C. Eggs, larvae and pupae did not develop successfully to the next stage at 12 and 35 °C. The estimated lower temperature thresholds were 10.4, 9.3, and 9.8 °C for eggs, larvae, and pupae, respectively. Thermal constants of egg, larvae, and pupae were 88.5, 370.4, and 188.7 DD, respectively. Stage emergence models for eggs, larvae, and pupae of A. selenaria were constructed by using the development rate model (Lactin 2 function) and development distribution model (three-parameter Weibull function), which simulate the proportion of individuals shifted from one stage to the next. Pearson's correlation coefficients between actual observations in the field and model outputs were statistically significant with 0.99, 0.68 to 0.87 and 0.96 to 0.98 for egg, larval and pupal stage emergence model, respectively. The egg stage emergence model could be used to facilitate spraying time as it successfully predicted the first instar larval population. Predictability of the pupal stage emergence model was greatly improved when the physiological age of overwintering pupae was assumed to be in various state. The stage emergence models developed here should be useful to construct an A. selenaria population model.  相似文献   
6.
Weeds and grain feeding birds are the two main biological causes of yield losses in irrigated rice in Africa. To quantify the single and combined effect of these biological constraints on rice yields, and to investigate whether weeds attract birds and thereby contribute to increased bird damage, a three-year factorial experiment was set-up in the Senegal River Valley. We tested two management factors (bird and weed management), each with two levels (‘complete’ and ‘absent’), and one crop cycle factor also with two levels (Sahel 202, a medium-cycle and Sahel 108, a short-cycle rice cultivar). Season-long competition from weeds resulted in high but predictable yield losses ranging from 50% to 75%, with lower yield losses for the medium-cycle cultivar Sahel 202 in two of the three seasons. Due to the nature of the pest, season-long exposure to birds resulted in less predictable yield losses ranging from 13% to as high as 94%, with high seasonal variation. In two seasons, much lower bird-inflicted yield losses were observed in the short-cycle cultivar Sahel 108, whereas in one season the medium-cycle cultivar Sahel 202 was much less damaged. When rice was exposed to both weeds and birds, the relative yield losses ranged from 80 to 99%. The yield reducing effect of weeds and birds was never additive. Bird visits to a weedy crop were more frequent compared to a weed-free crop at least in the early rice grain filling stages. This attraction of birds by weeds resulted in an additional yield loss in five of the six cases, ranging from 2 to 62%. Bird-inflicted yield losses in irrigated rice may be reduced by keeping the crop, as much as possible, free from weeds.  相似文献   
7.
为筛选出对豚草天敌广聚萤叶甲低毒的除草剂,达到化学防治与生物防治的协同关系,研究了草甘膦异丙胺盐、百草枯、氟磺胺草醚、乳氟禾草灵和氯氟吡氧乙酸5种除草剂对广聚萤叶甲卵、幼虫、蛹和成虫存活的影响。结果表明,在常用剂量下,百草枯处理的广聚萤叶甲成虫存活率在16.9%以下,蛹存活率低于70.6%,但其对卵和幼虫的影响较小。中等剂量下,草甘膦异丙胺盐、氟磺胺草醚、乳氟禾草灵和氯氟吡氧乙酸处理的成虫存活率均在70%以上,幼虫存活率均高于90%,且对卵和蛹几乎无致死作用。说明百草枯对广聚萤叶甲的毒害作用较强,建议在豚草综合治理中慎用百草枯。  相似文献   
8.
[目的]探讨番茄(Lcopersion esculentum Mill.)茎叶提取物对菜粉蝶(Pieris rapae L.)生物活性的影响,为建立菜青虫生态调控技术体系提供理论依据。[方法]采用水蒸气蒸馏法从番茄茎叶中提取其挥发性物质,并测定了1 000、500、250 mg/ml 3种浓度番茄提取物在室内对3龄菜青虫的选择性和非选择性拒食活性及对成虫菜粉蝶的选择性和非选择性产卵忌避作用。[结果]番茄粗提取物对菜青虫3龄幼虫具有较强的拒食活性,且非选择性拒食作用均大于选择性拒食作用;番茄提取物对菜粉蝶的产卵具有较强的忌避作用。[结论]番茄茎叶提取物对菜粉蝶生物活性有一定影响,作为拒食剂和产卵驱避剂进行开发具有较好前景。  相似文献   
9.
本试验通过对来自水稻和马铃薯的16对具有多态性的线粒体SSR引物进行筛选,得到2对适用于板栗的具有多态性条带的线粒体SSR引物。利用这2对多态性引物对76个板栗品种进行遗传多样性分析。结果表明2个多态性SSR位点检测到4个等位基因,平均每个位点产生2.0个等位基因。应用NTSYS2.10软件中的UPG-MA方法,对数据进行聚类分析,获得板栗资源线粒体SSR聚类图。结果表明:在相似系数0.15处可以将板栗种质资源按亲缘关系分成3组。  相似文献   
10.
Sigma因子作为一个转录正调控因子参与微生物糖代谢的调控。为了研究果实中Sigma因子的功能,利用RT-PCR与RACE扩增方法,从草莓果实cDNA中分离出一个草莓Sigma转录因子cDNA全长,进行测序和序列分析。结果表明,克隆的cDNA片段全长为2 008bp,基因内部含有完整的开放阅读框架,可编码长度为520个氨基酸残基的蛋白质,所推导的蛋白质氨基酸序列与葡萄(XM002268673)、大豆(XM003544709)、苜蓿(XM003602150)Sigma转录因子基因分别具有78%,77%和77%的氨基酸序列同源性,并含有典型的HTH结构域,表明草莓果实中Sigma属于σ70家族。  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号