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凡纳滨对虾原肌球蛋白基因表达模式与重组表达   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
根据相近物种的同类基因设计引物,从凡纳滨对虾Litopenaeus vannamei肌肉组织中克隆获得原肌球蛋白基因(TPMS),长度为901bp,其中包含长度为852bp的完整开放阅读框,编码原肌球蛋白分子量为32.8kDa;RT—PCR结果显示,原肌球蛋白在心、肝胰腺、胃、鳃、肠和肌肉组织中均有表达,在肌肉中表达量最高,在鳃中表达量最低;将原肌球蛋白基因构建原核重组表达载体TPMS—pET30a,转化受体菌株BL21(DE3)并利用IPTG诱导后能够大量表达,蛋白分子量为38.2kDa;经优化,IPTG的最适诱导浓度为0.05mmol/L,最适诱导时间为4h;经过亲和纯化后,能够得到纯度90%以上的重组表达蛋白。  相似文献
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ABSTRACT:   Tuna tropomyosin is a mixture of nearly equimolar amounts of two isoforms (designated α and β). cDNA encoding the α form was cloned from bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus fast skeletal muscle. The full-length cDNA contained 1220 bp, comprising an open reading frame of 855 bp encoding 284 amino acid residues, flanked by 5'-untranslational regions (156 bp) and 3'-untranslational regions (209 bp). The deduced amino acid sequence showed considerably high homology in a range of 93.7–98.6% to those of other vertebrate α-type tropomyosins. In phylogenetic analysis, bluefin tuna tropomyosin showed the closest relationship with the white croaker counterpart. The predicted mass was 32 919 Da, and isoelectric point was 4.50, assuming acetylation of the N-terminus. By differential scanning calorimetry, bluefin tuna tropomyosin gave two major endothermic peaks at 29.3 and 41.5°C, probably caused by the presence of two isoforms. Circular dichroism spectra supported such a unique denaturation profile.  相似文献
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口虾蛄主要过敏原原肌球蛋白的免疫活性   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
原肌球蛋白(TM)是甲壳类动物的主要过敏原,其氨基酸序列具有很高的保守性。本研究以口虾蛄为研究对象,旨在探明TM是否是其主要过敏原并对其相关性质进行研究。利用过敏患者血清通过免疫印迹法确定口虾蛄的主要过敏原分子量约为36ku。通过制备丙酮粉、等电点沉淀、硫酸铵盐析及加热等方法纯化了该主要过敏原。采用抗中华绒螯蟹TM多克隆抗体进行免疫学性质分析表明该蛋白为TM。抑制性免疫印迹和抑制性ELISA实验表明口虾蛄TM与凡纳滨对虾和锯缘青蟹等甲壳类动物的TM具有较强的免疫交叉反应,但与贝类动物杂色蛤的免疫交叉性较低。通过ELISA方法对甲壳类动物的TM进行定量测定,结果表明,口虾蛄肌肉中TM的含量约只有凡纳滨对虾TM含量的1/45,但仍具有一定的致敏性。  相似文献
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Developmental changes in myofibrillar protein composition were investigated in the myotomal muscle of the African catfish, Heterobranchus longifilis (Clariidae), by several electrophoretic techniques. The main muscle fibres of larvae and the fast-white muscle fibres of juvenile and adult fish were found to express distinct myosin heavy chain and myosin light chain 2 (LC2) isoforms. Three myosin LC2 chains were successively detected, differing by their isoelectric points. In contrast, the alkali light chains remained qualitatively and quantitatively unchanged during fish growth. Actin, -tropomyosin, and troponin-C (TN-C) were also similar in larval, juvenile, and adult white muscle, but an additional larval tropomyosin isoform was found in the first developmental stages. Two isoforms of troponin-T (TN-T) and troponin-I (TN-I) were synthesised in the course of fish growth. Transition from the larval to the adult isoform was much faster for TN-T than for TN-I. Slow-red muscle myofibrils from adult H. longifilis showed no common component (except actin) with larval, juvenile, or adult fast-white muscle myofibrils. Red myofibrils displayed a single TN-T and a single TN-I isoform, but two isoforms of TN-C. The myofibrillar protein isoforms synthesised at any given developmental stage almost certainly reflect changes in the functional requirements of swimming muscles in the course of fish development.  相似文献
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ABSTRACT: Attempts have been made to assess the end-point temperature (EPT) of heated fish and shellfish meats by using the coagulation method together with sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis and enzyme activity determination. Unfrozen and frozen fish and shellfish meats were heat-treated at different selected temperatures with 0, 15 or 30 min holding times. Proteins were extracted with NaCl solution. The coagulation method was able to determine EPT of heated fish and shellfish meats between 60 and 67°C. SDS-PAGE patterns of the filtrates from heated meats were closely related to the results of the coagulation method and enzyme activity determination. Two proteins responsible for producing coagulum of fish meat extracts seem to be lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). End-point temperatures determined by these methods were not significantly different between unfrozen and frozen samples. On the contrary, a highly thermostable protein with a molecular mass of 35 kDa was detected in heated shellfish meats up to 108°C. In scallop adductor muscle, this highly thermostable protein was found to be the tropomyosin subunit from its amino acid composition and their partial sequences. Tropomyosin could be used as an EPT indicator up to 108°C for heated shellfish meats.  相似文献
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ABSTRACT: The major allergen (named Oct v 1) in the muscle of the octopus Octopus vulgaris was purified by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-300, anion-exchange fast protein liquid chromatography on Mono Q and reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography on TSKgel Octadecyl-4PW. In addition to the molecular mass, amino acid composition and cross-reactivity with Tur c 1 (turban shell Turbo cornutus allergen), the determined partial amino acid sequence clearly demonstrated that Oct v 1 is tropomyosin, similar to the known molluscan and crustacean allergens. Using peptide fragments isolated from the lysylendopeptidase digest of Oct v 1, competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay inhibition experiments showed that IgE-binding epitopes of Oct v 1 are contained in two peptides (77–112 and 148–160) in the central region and one peptide (269–281) in the C-terminal region. In the peptide 77–112, the same sequence as the IgE-binding epitope proposed for Cra g 1 (oyster Crassostrea gigas allergen) is recognized at 92-105. Moreover, the peptide 148-160 partly overlaps with the IgE-binding epitopes suggested for Pen i 1 (shrimp Penaeus indicus allergen) and Pen a 1 (shrimp Penaeus aztecus allergen), and the peptide 269–281 with those for Tur c 1 and Pen a 1.  相似文献
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就中国明对虾主要过敏原原肌球蛋白基因进行了分子克隆与序列分析。从中国明对虾肌肉中提取总RNA,反转录合成第一链cDNA;根据原肌球蛋白cDNA的保守序列设计引物并进行PCR扩增,最后测序获得了中国明对虾原肌球蛋白的cDNA序列(GenBank accession:GU233303)。该cDNA序列含有长855 nt的完整编码序列,编码分子量为32.8 ku、长284 aa的原肌球蛋白;中国明对虾原肌球蛋白与其他甲壳动物的序列一致性高达92.3%~100%,与褐对虾等的抗原决定簇具有完全相同的序列,表明本研究克隆的原肌球蛋白与其他甲壳动物的一样会引起部分过敏体质人体的过敏反应,而且会与其他甲壳动物存在交叉免疫。  相似文献
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