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半滑舌鳎染色体核型分析   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:23  
周丽青 《水产学报》2005,29(3):417-419
The tonguefish Cynoglossus semilaevis (Giinther) is a rare fish species in Chinese offing, inhabiting in the warm water bottom. The metaphase chromosome preparation of the fries has been got from their fins by hot air drying methods, while the metaphase chromosomes of one year old young fish which has physiologically sex differentiation has teen got from their renal tissues by the method of PHA and colchicine injection. The karyotypes were examined. The result shows that there are 42 acrocentric chromosomes in diploid and their karyotype formula is 2n = 42t, and there existed heterotypic sex chromosome which belongs to ZW/ZZ type. The sex ratio in artificial bred stock is nearly 1 : 1.  相似文献
2.
Morphologically differentiated sex chromosomes are found in only few salmonid species. Some populations of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, exhibit chromosomal polymorphism related to sex. We found sex-related chromosomal polymorphism in fish from the synthetic Rutki strain, Poland, in approximately 85% (n = 22) of examined males (XY-like) whereas the remaining males (n = 4) possessed chromosomes similar to these observed in females (XX-like). To investigate whether males possessing XX-like chromosomes were genotypic males or genotypic females with altered phenotypic sex, androgenetic progeny of four males (representing both XY-like and XX-like forms, n = 2 + 2) was examined. Androgenetic progeny (F1) of all four fathers consisted of both phenotypic females and males. F1 male progeny of two fathers showed XX-like chromosomes whereas F1 male progeny of the other two fathers possessed YY-like (supermale) chromosomes. F1 were reared further until they were sexually mature. Two males from each of four F1 families were used to produce F2 androgenetic and control F2 generation. All F2 individuals, androgenetics and control, were phenotypic males at sexual maturation. The results indicate that males possessing XX-like chromosomes are genetic males and they are not sex-reversed females. Thus, the Y chromosome can exist in different morphological forms in farmed rainbow trout. The YS chromosome (shorter form, unlike the X chromosome) has a shorter or absent p-arm and lacks the pericentromeric cluster of AT-rich chromatin and the 5S rDNA sequences that are found in the YL chromosome (longer form, like the X chromosome).  相似文献
3.
鱼类性别决定机制是脊椎动物中最复杂的。同高等脊椎动物一样,鱼类性别决定的基础依然是遗传基因。鱼类的性别控制对于水产养殖有着十分重要的指导意义。目前用于生产实践的鱼类人工性别控制方法有很多,但大多数仍然处于探索与实验阶段,理论上的作用机理仍未研究透彻。文章旨在通过对鱼类性别决定机制、性别决定相关基因等方面国内外研究进展的阐述,为鱼类性别控制、调控养殖鱼类的经济性状如生长率和个体大小等,提供有益的参考资料。  相似文献
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