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1.
采用乳化油直接添加法,用n-3高度不饱和脂肪酸(n-3HUFA)含量不等的4种乳化油分别强化轮虫、卤虫活饵料,培育4组黑鲷仔鱼和稚鱼,各自历时15d,结果表明,n-3HUFA对黑鲷仔鱼和稚鱼的生长和存活均有重要影响。在该条件下,轮虫体内n-3HUFA含量为0.233%(湿重计),卤虫体内n-3HUFA含量为4.273%(湿重计)时,仔鱼和稚鱼达到最佳生长和成活率。  相似文献
2.
饲料蛋白质含量和n-3HUFA水平对大菱鲆亲鱼产卵的影响   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
给大菱鲆亲鱼投喂高蛋白和高水平 n 3HUFA的饲料。结果表明,与投喂低蛋白和低水平 n 3HUFA饲料组相比,大菱鲆亲鱼繁殖力明显提高。高水平试验组,亲鱼体重增重大,产卵量高、所产卵子卵径大,受精后上浮率、孵化率高,仔稚鱼的存活力强。其中卵子脂肪酸含量受亲鱼所摄饲料中脂肪酸含量的影响较大。当亲鱼组投喂试验组饲料的蛋白质为 49 3%、脂类含量为14 6%,其中∑n 3HUFA的比例为 29 3%时,平均每尾亲鱼的产卵量为 1 45×106,所产卵子的卵径为1 053 mm,卵子脂类∑n 3HUFA的比例为20 38%,浮性卵率为95%。经过30 d的饲育,大菱鲆苗种的存活率为 23%,明显高于低蛋白和低脂肪酸试验组的数据。本研究认为,大菱鲆亲鱼培育的饲料中适宜蛋白质含量应≥45%;脂类的适宜含量为≥10%,其中∑n 3HUFA的适宜比例≥20%。  相似文献
3.
制备3种基本组成相同、添加不同类型鱼油的微粒饲料。将3种微粒饲料分别投喂真鲷(Pagrus major)仔鱼,探讨了微粒饲料中鱼油n—3HUFA的不同分子结构对真鲷仔、稚鱼生长、存活的影响。25d的养殖试验结果表明,虽然饲料2中n-3HUFA的含量高于饲料1中n—3HUFA的含量,饲料3中n—3HUFA的含量同饲料1中n—3HUFA的含量相等,但是用饲料1投喂的真鲷仔、稚鱼的全长、成活率要优于分别用饲料2和饲料3投喂的真鲷仔、稚鱼的全长、成活率。而且,用饲料1投喂的真鲷仔、稚鱼体内n-3HUFA和DHA的含量高于用饲料2和饲料3投喂的真鲷仔、稚鱼体内n—3HUFA和DHA的含量,这说明真鲷仔、稚鱼对天然鱼油的消化、吸收要优于对乙酯化鱼油的消化、吸收。  相似文献
4.
The aim of the present study was to determine the combined effect of both stress and EFA deficiency on several biological and biochemical parameters. Fish were fed during 15 weeks two isocaloric and isoproteic diets: a control diet based on fish oil and formulated to meet the n-3 HUFA requirements for this species (1.5% of n-3 HUFA) and a deficient diet containing beef tallow and formulated to be deficient in n-3 HUFA. Each experimental diet was evaluated both at high and low stocking densities (10 and 3.2 kg m–3 of initial density, respectively).High stocking density produced a chronic stress situation with elevation of plasma cortisol levels. It also caused a reduction in hepatosomatic index and liver lipid contents, increasing the oleic acid/n-3 HUFA ratios in the polar lipids. Fish fed the EFA deficient diet at low stocking density showed common deficiency symptoms. High stocking density in fish fed the EFA deficient diet induced a higher degree of EFA deficiency symptoms leading to mortality, liver steatosis, liver lipid deposition, reduced muscle lipid and reduced n-3 HUFA contents, which particularly affected EPA, but not DHA, suggesting a preferential retention of the latter fatty acid, specially in the phosphoglycerides fraction.  相似文献
5.
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of enriching Artemia nauplii with vitamin C (ascorbyl-6 palmitate) or vitamin E (α-tocopherol acetate), 20% w/w, together with a mixture of concentrated eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5 n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6 n-3) on the growth, survival, and stress resistance of fresh water walleye Stizostedion vitreum larvae. Either cod liver oil (CLO) or EPA/DHA ethyl esters concentrate was used as lipid sources in the Artemia enrichment. Walleye larvae were fed ad libitum for 40 days. At day 40, submersion in salt water (25 g L−1) was performed to evaluate larvae resistance to stress. EPA and DHA levels in walleye juveniles fed EPA/DHA-enriched Artemia increased significantly, by an average of 650% compared with fish fed non-enriched Artemia . A significant increase was found for vitamins C (71.8 ± 1.0 and 42.7 ± 1.2 μg g−1 wet weight (WW)) and E (17.0 ± 3.7 and 6.5 ± 0.9 μg g−1WW) concentrations in fish fed enriched and unenriched Artemia , respectively. Growth was comparable throughout treatments, whereas survival was significantly higher in fish fed CLO-enriched Artemia nauplii compared with fish fed Artemia nauplii enriched with EPA/DHA concentrate. The addition of vitamin C increased fish survival by 1.4-fold compared with fish fed Artemia enriched with only EPA/DHA concentrate. The survival of the latter was similar to control fish ( Artemia without enrichment). The supplementation of vitamin E did not affect fish survival significantly. Stress tests revealed that the resistance of walleye larvae to salinity changes increased when Artemia enrichment was supplemented with vitamin C. However, walleye larvae fed CLO-enriched Artemia had the best performances in the stress test.  相似文献
6.
经过n-3HUFA强化培育的卤虫无节幼体的n-3HUF、A、EPA和DHA的含量明显提高,投喂给日本川鲽幼苗后,能够改变幼鱼体内脂类和脂肪酸组成,提高幼鱼的生长速度、存活率和应激抵抗能力,并且对其它一些鱼类的着色、视力等方面也起着重要作用。  相似文献
7.
轮虫营养强化研究进展   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
综述近年来国内外轮虫营养强化的研究概况,介绍了营养强化轮虫在水产育苗生产实践中的应用以及目前被广泛应用的轮虫营养强化剂和轮虫营养强化的方法和技术。  相似文献
8.
9.
草鱼ATGL基因的表达及饲喂n-3 HUFAs对其的影响   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
吉 红  黄吉芹  刘 品 《水产学报》2012,36(5):732-739
实验获得了草鱼脂肪组织甘油三酯水解酶(ATGL) 部分cDNA序列(GenBank 登录号为HQ845211), 并进行了序列同源性分析; 采用实时定量反转录聚合酶链式反应(qRT-PCR)方法, 检测了ATGL基因在草鱼不同组织的表达状况; 研究了投喂n-3高不饱和脂肪酸(n-3 HUFAs)对草鱼肝胰脏ATGL基因时序表达的影响。结果显示, 所获得的草鱼ATGL基因部分cDNA序列长度为687 bp, 与人、牛、小鼠、长腭泥虎鱼、大黄鱼等物种的同源性为65%~75%; 该基因在草鱼心脏、肝胰脏、脾脏、鳃、肾脏、肌肉、腹腔脂肪组织、脑、小肠、精巢10个组织中均有表达, 其中在腹腔脂肪组织中表达丰度最高, 在肝胰脏和肌肉中表达丰度次之。处理组草鱼摄食n-3 HUFAs饲料后, ATGL基因的表达水平在第1周和第2周显著高于对照组, 第3周后, 该基因的表达水平在处理组与对照组间无显著差异。研究首次克隆得到草鱼ATGL基因部分cDNA序列, 并发现该基因在草鱼脂质蓄积及代谢较旺盛的组织中表达水平较高, 且其在肝胰脏中的表达受到n-3 HUFAs的影响, 其规律为先被诱导升高, 然后回复到正常水平。  相似文献
10.
Ali Skalli  Jean H. Robin   《Aquaculture》2004,240(1-4):399-415
European sea bass juveniles (14.4±0.1 g mean weight) were fed diets containing different levels of fish oil then of n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (n-3 HUFA) for 12 weeks. The fish performance as well as fatty acid (FA) composition of neutral and polar lipids from whole body after 7 and 12 weeks feeding were studied. The requirements of juvenile sea bass for n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (n-3 HUFA) were studied by feeding fish diets containing six different levels of n-3 HUFA ranging from 0.2% to 1.9% of the diet, with approximately the same DHA/EPA ratio (1.5:1).

The growth rate at the end of the trial showed significant differences. Fish fed low dietary n-3 HUFA (0.2% DM of the diet) showed significantly lower growth than the diet 3 (0.7%), then no further improvement (P>0.05) of growth performance was seen by elevating the n-3 HUFA level in the diet up to 1.9% (diet 6). No difference in feed efficiency, protein efficiency ratio or protein retention was observed among treatments, nor in protein and total lipid content. However, the n-3 HUFA levels in diets highly influenced fish fatty acid composition in neutral lipid, while polar lipid composition was less affected. Comparison of polar lipid content after 7 or 12 weeks indicated that DHA remained stable at the requirement level, while arachidonic acid decreased with time. Results of this experiment suggest that the requirement for growth of n-3 HUFA of juvenile sea bass of 14 g weight is at least 0.7% of the dry diet.  相似文献

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