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东海区拖网网囊网目选择性研究   总被引:10,自引:1,他引:9       下载免费PDF全文
黄洪亮 《水产学报》2005,29(2):232-237
通过东海区拖网网囊网目对带鱼和小黄鱼的选择性试验,对拖网最适网囊网目尺寸进行了分析研究。结果表明:1.网囊网目45mm,小黄鱼和带鱼的逃逸率均较低,渔获中兼捕大量当年生经济幼鱼;2.网囊网目54mm,小黄鱼的50%选择体长尚小于其优势体长组范围,带鱼的50%,选择体长已部分进入其优势体长组范围;3.网囊网目65mm,选择体长范围与选择鱼种的优势体长组范围基本一致。综合分析认为:目前东海区最理想的拖网网囊网目不小于60mm。  相似文献
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This paper presents a summary of all catch-comparison gear tests performed between 2002 and 2006 with Nordmøre-type sorting grids in the Swedish Nephrops trawl fishery in the Skagerrak and Kattegat. The overall aim was to minimise fish by-catch while maintaining catch rates for the target species, i.e. Nephrops. The results showed that a trawl fitted with a grid and a square-mesh cod-end, caught less small and marketable cod, haddock, whiting, hake and plaice than did a standard commercial trawl. For cod larger than 35 cm, the catch reduction was close to 100%. For marketable Nephrops no difference in catch amounts was detected. Results of three modified grid variants are also reported here. None of these showed convincing results in terms of better species-selectivity or superior handling characteristics than the standard grid. The results on fish by-catch reduction indicate that the Swedish grid may be a useful tool to reduce non-target mortality and to decouple Nephrops from cod and other demersal fish species under existing and future recovery plans.  相似文献
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