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The allochthonous microbiota in the proximal and distal intestine was investigated in three groups of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fed a commercial diet and intraperitoneally injected with (a) phosphate‐buffered saline (control), (b) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the fish pathogenic bacteria, Aeromonas salmonicida ssp. salmonicida, and (c) laminaran [β‐(1,3)‐d ‐glucan]. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of the hyper variable V3 region was used to present the microbiota in different experimental groups. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of excised DGGE bands suggested that an intraperitoneal injection of LPS from A. salmonicida affects the allochthonous gut bacteria of Atlantic salmon to some extent, as Aeromonas enteropelogenes, Aeromonas veroni, Psychrobacter, Lactobacillus letvazi, Lactobacillus satsumensis, Pantoea, swine manure bacterium and several uncultured bacteria were unique for this group. On the other hand, the bacterial diversity of the allochthonous microbiota did not seem to be affected by injection of β‐(1,3)‐d ‐glucan. Sequences of this experimental group were most closely related to A. enteropelogenes, uncultured Escherichia and Lactobacillus aviarius ssp. aviarius.  相似文献
2.
The Chilean aquaculture has been challenged for years by piscirickettsiosis. A common prophylactic measurement to try to reduce the impact from this disease is vaccination, but the development of vaccines that induce satisfactory protection of the fish in the field has so far not been successful. Experimental challenge models are used to test vaccine efficacy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of experimental vaccines after challenge by the two most widely used challenge routes, intraperitoneal injection and cohabitation. A total of 1,120 Atlantic salmon were vaccinated with non‐commercial experimental vaccines with increasing amounts of an inactivated Piscirickettsia salmonis EM90‐like isolate. Differences in mortality, macroscopic and microscopic pathological changes, bacterial load and immune gene expression were compared after challenge by different routes. The results revealed a similar progression of the diseases after challenge by both routes and no gross differences reflecting the efficacy of the vaccines could be identified. The analysis of the immune genes suggests a possible suppression of the cellular immunity by CD8 T cell and with this stimulation of bacterial survival and replication. Comparative studies of experimental challenge models are valuable with regard to identifying the best model to mimic real‐life conditions and vaccines’ performance.  相似文献
3.
The lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus, is an Atlantic species, which mainly inhabits shallow sea beds or coral reefs. Seahorse has become very popular in China due to its wide use in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, the aquaculture of the lined seahorse has been threatened by a variety of diseases, especially bacterial infections. Skin ulcer syndrome becomes more and more common in the culture of seahorses, leading to skin ulcer, liver erosion and minority tail rotting. These diseased seahorses die in only 72 hr, causing huge economic losses in aquaculture. Pathogen HMT‐1 was isolated from the lined seahorses with skin ulcer syndrome, which was identified as Vibrio harveyi. The median lethal dose (LD50) of HMT‐1 was 2.88 × 108 cfu/ml. The pathogenic mechanism of HMT‐1 was preliminarily studied, and the pathological changes of the diseased lined seahorses were also investigated. Moreover, the activities of ACP, complement 3, SOD and LZM at different time post injection were measured by commercial kits. Our findings can provide reliable reference for diagnosis and treatment in the future.  相似文献
4.
为了解微囊藻毒素MC-LR在鲤各组织器官中的生物富集作用,采用腹腔注射法将MC-LR纯品稀释液(0.215μg/g)注射到鲤体内,酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)检测0、1、3、12、24和48 h时肾脏、肝脏、肌肉、胆囊、空肠和卵巢中MC-LR含量分布和积累规律.结果显示,MC-LR在肾脏含量最高,均值为(1.007±0.120)μg/g(各器官均按干重计),其次是肝脏(0.490±0.060)μg/g、胆囊(0.355 ±0.011) μg/g、空肠(0.210±0.005)μg/g、卵巢(0.082±0.021)μg/g和肌肉(0.047±0.003) μg/g.鲤不同组织器官对MC-LR的富集能力存在较大差异,肾脏是MC-LR的主要靶器官,卵巢中也存在少量MC-LR富集,肌肉对MC-LR的生物富集量远低于其他组织器官.试验48 h时,鲤体内各组织器官中和鱼缸水中MC-LR含量均有一定程度的下降,表明鲤体内对MC-LR有较强的解毒机制.  相似文献
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