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1.
池塘循环水生态养殖效果分析   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
用多种生物修复技术结合池塘工程改造手段,构建封闭型池塘循环水生态养殖系统。养殖水体的水质指标监测结果表明,该循环系统对TN、TP、NH4+-N及CODMn的平均去除率分别达62.89%、60.24%、56.52%、47.81%,具有很好的净化效果,能够满足养殖用水的要求,在整个养殖过程中实现了养殖尾水零排放。该循环水养殖模式符合当前太湖保护的规划要求。  相似文献
2.
人工湿地反硝化外加碳源研究进展   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
碳源作为反硝化过程的电子供体,是影响人工湿地反硝化过程的主要因素。针对污水中碳氮比偏低时,需要考虑使用外加碳源提供反硝化电子供体,以保证反硝化反应的顺利进行。本文阐述了现有人工湿地反硝化碳源补充的相关研究进展,对不同外加碳源的效能进行了对比分析,并对人工湿地脱氮研究的方向作了展望。  相似文献
3.
To mitigate the serious water pollution caused by the rapid expansion of the aquaculture industry in recent years, the development of improved aquaculture systems with more efficient water usage and less environmental impact has become essential. In this study, a land-based recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) was established that consisted of purification units (i.e., a primary biological pond, two parallel horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands [CWs], and a long ecological ditch) and 4-5 series-connected recirculating ponds. This system was mainly designed to stock channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), fifteen spine stickleback (Spinibarbus sinensis) and yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco), and the culture efficacy was evaluated based on a 2-year field experiment covering two growing seasons. According to the results, the primary biological pond played a role in sedimentation or nutrient retention, although this was not as evident when the CWs were functioning. The water flowing through the wetland system at a hydraulic loading rate (HLR) of 600 mm/day displayed lower values for the temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), suspended solids, organic matter and nutrients, whereas the electrical conductivity (EC) was higher, suggesting the accumulation of dissolved solids in the system. Due to the recirculation treatment, the trophic status of the recirculating ponds increased gradually along the direction of the flow and was notably lower in comparison to the control. As a result, the fish production responded to the variation of the water quality, which was reflected in the measurements of culture efficacy (final weight, survival rate, SGR and yield). The three main rearing species showed a decreasing trend along the direction of the flow, which was higher compared to the control, whereas an opposite trend was observed for filter-feeding fish. A Pearson correlation analysis revealed that the main culture species were inclined to live in meso- or oligotrophic conditions, and the silver carp adapted to more eutrophic conditions. Because RAS can provide better environmental conditions year-round, the present culture method could be more suitable for species that are sensitive to water quality in typical subtropical areas.  相似文献
4.
人工湿地植物的功能与选择   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
植物在人工湿地中起着非常重要的作用,它可以拦截大颗粒污染物,吸收降解营养物质;能够稳固湿地床表面基质,降低冰雪在湿地表面的凝结速率;可以改善处理系统景观,为野生生物及微生物的生长提供适宜的环境,具有生态美学和经济价值。选择植物应考虑植物的适应性、净化能力、抗逆性、经济和观赏价值以及物种间的合理搭配。本文阐述了植物在人工湿地中的作用和选择人工湿地植物的一些基本原则,提出了植物在人工湿地实际运用时仍存在的一些问题,对其应用前景做了展望与讨论。  相似文献
5.
复合池塘养殖系统湿地水质净化功能研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:2  
由潜流和表面流湿地组成复合人工湿地,与池塘有机结合构成鱼塘-湿地水循环系统应用于草鱼苗种培育,研究了该系统对池塘水质的改善效果。结果显示:在760 mm/d的水力负荷率条件下,复合湿地系统对NH4+-N、NO2--N、NO3--N、TN、TP、COD和TSS的平均去除率分别为(33.56±3.71)%、(50.73±3.95)%、(46.33±4.95)%、(27.99±2.78)%、(58.15±3.38)%、(29.60±2.24)%和(84.49±1.77)%;湿地出水水质符合渔业水质标准(GB11607-89)要求。结果表明鱼塘-湿地水循环系统对养殖用水具有较好的净化效果。  相似文献
6.
湿地水环境生态恢复及研究展望   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
水环境退化是全球面临的重要问题,为了恢复受损的水生态系统,促进良性的生态演替,保证人类可持续发展的需要,湿地水环境生态恢复技术已成为当前各国关注的焦点。湿地水环境恢复主要有生态拦截技术、湿地植物净化技术、水生动物净化技术、基于水环境处理的人工浮岛技术和人工湿地净化技术等。在这些技术的研究与应用中,湿地植物对污染物的耐受性和多种生态恢复模式的整合将成为今后湿地恢复研究的焦点;同时应该深入研究湿地水环境恢复的基础理论和技术,探讨其内在的规律和机理,并建设典型湿地水环境恢复示范工程;建立湿地水环境生态恢复技术标准和规范,完善水生态系统健康评估体系,为该技术在我国的广泛推广和应用提供理论和技术支持。  相似文献
7.
A study on effluent treatment with sub-surface flow (SF) constructed wetlands was conducted in a small commercial scale Bavarian (Germany) flow-through trout farm. Under limited spatial and financial conditions a most suitable wetland was constructed. The wetland treatment efficiency at high hydraulic loading rates during raceway runoff and cleaning situation in comparison to sedimentation as initial treatment method was examined.

The constructional solution involved the alteration of six existing sedimentation basins (SB) to SF horizontal flow constructed wetlands with a pre-sedimentation area. As constructional materials only local, cheaply available materials were used in order to reduce the costs. The SF wetland had high treatment efficiencies in the two operational modes examined. During cleaning situation at a hydraulic loading rate (HLR) of 13.6 m/day treatment efficiency for total suspended solids (TSS) was highest and reached 68%. While during raceway runoff situation total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) treatment efficiency of 88% overtopped the efficiency of the other nutrients examined at a HLR of 10.6 m/day. In both treatment situations the SF wetland efficiency was significantly higher than the effect of the SB. SF constructed wetlands treating high hydraulic loading rates accompanied with short retention times were effective on dissolved nutrient treatment only for TAN and nitrite nitrogen (NO2–N), while other dissolved nutrients like nitrate nitrogen (NO3–N) and phosphate phosphorous (PO4–P) showed no or even negative treatment effects through the wetland passage. To reduce these nutrients, other treatment conditions or wetland configurations are needed.  相似文献

8.
This study examined the effects of different hydraulic loading rates on the treatment efficiency of subsurface flow (SSF) constructed wetlands treating effluents from trout farming over a period of 6 months. Six identical wetland cells with a pre-sedimentation zone of 9.6 m2 and a root zone of 23.6 m2 were loaded with effluents from intensive trout farming (> 2.1 kg feeding stuff per L/s and day). The total runoff of 13.2 L/s was treated in the wetland cells, where two duplicate cells received equal hydraulic loads of 3.9, 1.8 and 0.9 L/s. All examined wetland cells had significant treatment effects on the nutrient fractions containing particulate matter [total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorous (TP), biological oxygen demand in 5 days (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and total suspended solids (TSS)].

Efficiency was between 5.5% for TN and 90.1% for TSS. The SSF wetland also had a high treatment effect on total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), with efficiencies of 61.2 to 87.8%. Nitrate nitrogen (NO3–N) and phosphate phosphorous (PO4–P) showed a significant increase in the wetland effluent by 8.4 to 209%. Nitrite nitrogen (NO2–N), had no significant, or significant effluent increase depending on the inflow rate. Treatment efficiency for particulate nutrients and TAN increased with decreasing hydraulic load, while the differences between 1.8 and 0.9 L/s were not significant. The treatment efficiency for TP was constant for all cells, at around 40%. The wetland receiving 3.9 L/s was over-flooded after 10 to 12 weeks due to colmatation. Nevertheless, the wetland still showed high treatment efficiencies. For commercial trout farms, SSF wetlands are a highly effective method of effluent treatment. A hydraulic load of 1 L/s on 13.3 m2 wetland area (1.8 L/s on the examined wetland) seems most suitable. Higher loads lead to accelerated wetland colmatation, while lower loads waste space.  相似文献

9.
Hydroponic plants can efficiently absorb and uptake soluble compounds in wastewater but they have low abilities to remove suspended solids due to the lack of culture media to trap solids. This paper presented an improved hydroponic method for effective treatment of the wastewater from the backwash of recirculating aquacultural systems. The ryegrass (Lolium perenne Lam) was cultured with improved media consisting of perforated plastic plates and several layers of unwoven cotton fabric. The plate/fabric/grass cells with one, three, five, and seven layers of fabric were studied. After one vertical filtration pass through the cells, the removals were 48, 59, 60 and 63% for total solids (TS), 48, 58, 63 and 69% for volatile solids (VS), and 4, 7, 14 and 25% for suspended solids (SS), respectively, for different cells with one, three, five, and seven layers of fabric. It was found that increasing the number of vertical filtration passes through the cells improved the solids removal. The 1-day treatment in the recycling irrigation and treatment system with five cells ( = 0.8 m2 grass) removed 66% TS, 71% VS, and 91% SS, and absorbed 72% total nitrogen (TN), 80% total phosphorus (TP), 63% chemical oxygen demand (COD), and 85% total ammonia nitrogen (TAN). This hydroponic plate/fabric/grass system is a simple and efficient technology for the effective eco-treatment of aquacultural wastewater with relatively high concentrations of suspended solids.  相似文献
10.
根据我国池塘养殖废水排放特点,研究了冬季人工湿地集中处理池塘养殖废水的效果。结果显示,在0.22 m/d水力负荷下,人工湿地对池塘养殖废水中总氮(TN)、总磷(TP)、化学需氧量(COD)和悬浮物(TSS)的去除率分别达到35.0%,38.2%,34.7%,91.6%;水力负荷上升至0.36 m/d后,人工湿地对TN和COD的去除率显著下降为20.0%和27.9%(P<0.05),TP和TSS去除率变化差异不显著(P>0.05),分别为35.7%和和93.2%。经人工湿地处理后出水TN浓度低于1.5 mg/L,TP浓度低于0.2 mg/L,COD浓度低于8 mg/L,TSS浓度低于5 mg/L,均满足水产养殖废水排放要求,表明应用人工湿地技术能有效实现池塘养殖废水的减排。另外,冬季低温使人工湿地对池塘养殖废水中TN和COD的去除率与夏季相比显著降低(P<0.05),但通过对人工湿地进行曝氧能够显著提高其对TN和COD的去除率(P<0.05)。  相似文献
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