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這鱼诺卡氏菌是鱼类诺卡氏菌病的主要病原,可导致鱼类慢性系统性肉芽肿疾病.這鱼诺卡氏菌全基因组序列分析发现了一个酪氨酸蛋白磷酸酶(protein tyrosine phosphtase,PTP)基因,生物信息学分析显示该基因很可能编码一个靶向定位于宿主细胞线粒体的分泌蛋白.本实验对這鱼诺卡氏菌PTP进行了基因克隆、分泌蛋白鉴定、亚细胞定位、过表达和线粒体膜电位检测,结果显示,在這鱼诺卡氏菌胞外产物中质谱鉴定到了PTP肽段,证实其为分泌蛋白.亚细胞定位研究观察到PTP-GFP融合蛋白均匀地分布在FHM细胞中,与线粒体分布不重合,说明這鱼诺卡氏菌PTP蛋白并未靶向定位于线粒体.亚细胞定位和过表达研究都显示PTP蛋白在FHM细胞中表达后,细胞核出现固缩浓染、凋亡小体等明显的细胞凋亡特征.通过线粒体膜电位检测表明,在pcDNA-PTP转染后48 h,线粒体跨膜电位被明显破坏,说明這鱼诺卡氏菌PTP很可能是一种可诱导细胞凋亡的细菌蛋白.通过对這鱼诺卡氏菌PTP开展基因克隆和功能初步研究,为进一步揭示该基因的功能和深入了解這鱼诺卡氏菌的分子致病机理奠定了基础.  相似文献
2.
Nocardia seriolae, a facultative intracellular bacterium, is the main pathogen of fish nocardiosis. Bioinformatic analysis showed that the histone‐like DNA‐binding protein (HLP) gene of N. seriolae (nshlp) encoded a secreted protein and might target the mitochondria in the host cell. To further study the preliminary function of HLP in N. seriolae (NsHLP), the gene cloning, extracellular products identification, subcellular localization, overexpression and apoptosis detection assay were carried out in this study. Mass spectrometry analysis of the extracellular products from N. seriolae showed that NsHLP was a secreted protein. Subcellular localization of HLP‐GFP fusion proteins mainly assembled in the nucleus, which indicated that the NsHLP was co‐located with the nucleus rather than mitochondria in fathead minnow (FHM) cells. Notably, the expression of NsHLP had changed the distribution of mitochondria into lumps in the FHM cell. In addition, apoptotic features were found in the transfected FHM cells by overexpression of NsHLP. Quantitative assays of mitochondrial membrane potential value, caspase‐3 activity and pro‐apoptotic genes mRNA (Bad, Bid and Bax) expression level demonstrated that the cell apoptosis was induced in the transfected FHM cells. All the results presented in this study provided insight on the function of NsHLP, which suggested that it may participate in the cell apoptosis regulation and play an important role in the pathogenesis of Nseriolae.  相似文献
3.
Nocardia seriolae is the main pathogen responsible for fish nocardiosis. A mitochondrial‐targeting secretory protein (MTSP) 3141 with an N‐terminal transit peptide (TP) from N. seriolae was predicted by bioinformatic analysis based on the genomic sequence of the N. seriolae strain ZJ0503. However, the function of the MTSP3141 and its homologs remains totally unknown. In this study, mass spectrometry analysis of the extracellular products from N. seriolae proved that MTSP3141 was a secretory protein, subcellular localization research showed the MTSP3141‐GFP fusion protein co‐localized with mitochondria in fathead minnow (FHM) cells, the TP played an important role in mitochondria targeting, and only the TP located at N‐terminus but not C‐terminus can lead to mitochondria directing. Moreover, quantitative assays of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) value, caspase‐3 activity and apoptosis‐related gene (Bcl2, Bax, Bad, Bid and p53) mRNA expression suggested that cell apoptosis was induced in FHM cells by the overexpression of both MTSP3141 and MTSP3141ΔTP (with the N‐terminal TP deleted) proteins. Taken together, the results of this study indicated that the MTSP3141 of N. seriolae was a secretory protein, might target mitochondria, induce apoptosis in host cells and function as a virulence factor.  相似文献
4.
鱼类诺卡氏菌病是一种慢性系统性肉芽肿疾病,鱼诺卡氏菌是其主要病原。鱼诺卡氏菌全基因组生物信息学分析,发现了一个可能靶向定位于宿主细胞线粒体的分泌蛋白——动力蛋白调节蛋白robl/LC7。为了对鱼诺卡氏菌robl/LC7的亚细胞定位和功能进行初步研究,实验对鱼诺卡氏菌robl/LC7进行了基因克隆、真核表达重组质粒构建、分泌蛋白鉴定、亚细胞定位、过表达和凋亡检测。结果显示,成功克隆了鱼诺卡氏菌robl/LC7基因并构建了其真核表达质粒p EGFP-robl/LC7和pc DNA-robl/LC7;鱼诺卡氏菌分泌蛋白质谱鉴定证实robl/LC7为分泌蛋白;亚细胞定位研究显示robl/LC7-GFP融合蛋白呈全细胞分布,不与线粒体共定位;凋亡检测发现robl/LC7过表达能诱导FHM细胞凋亡。研究表明,鱼诺卡氏菌robl/LC7是一个不与线粒体共定位的分泌蛋白,其可能通过参与细胞凋亡调控,协助鱼诺卡氏菌在宿主体内生存和免疫逃避,并在鱼诺卡氏菌的致病过程中具有重要作用。  相似文献
5.
采用2216E和TCBS培养基分别从患溃疡病半滑舌鳎的肠道和体表病灶分离获得菌株40株,经血平板检验分离菌株的溶血活性,体外筛选并鉴定出3株潜在致病性菌株,即哈维氏弧菌、溶藻弧菌以及副溶血性弧菌。通过将3株潜在致病菌与健康半滑舌鳎的肠道上皮细胞共培养,检测病原菌刺激后半滑舌鳎肠道上皮细胞相关免疫基因的相对表达量及共培养后肠道上皮细胞的凋亡率,对病原菌的致病性进行细胞水平的筛选。结果显示,经哈维氏弧菌刺激后肠道上皮细胞白介素10基因(IL-10)表达量极显著上调,说明哈维氏弧菌引起的共培养上皮细胞免疫反应最为剧烈,且哈维氏弧菌与肠道上皮细胞共培养后导致细胞的凋亡率高达48.3%,其次为溶藻弧菌(36%)和副溶血性弧菌(34.5%),推测哈维氏弧菌为半滑舌鳎溃疡病高致病性弧菌。通过对半滑舌鳎进行浸浴回感实验,结果发现,哈维氏弧菌、溶藻弧菌和副溶血性弧菌人工回感后第6天半滑舌鳎的累计死亡率分别为100%、95%和75%,与细胞水平检测结果相吻合。实验表明,所筛选到的3株弧菌均具有较强的毒性和致病性,尤其以哈维氏弧菌致病性最强,并由此推测半滑舌鳎溃疡病可能由多种致病菌共同感染所致。  相似文献
6.
Fish nocardiosis is a chronic systemic granulomatous disease, and Nocardia seriolae is the main pathogen. The pathogenesis and virulence factors of N. seriolae are not fully understood. Secreted superoxide dismutase (SOD) may be a virulence factor found by a comparative bioinformatics analysis of the whole genome sequence of N. seriolae and the virulence factor database (VFDB). In order to determine the subcellular localization and study the preliminary function of SOD from N. seriolae (NsSOD), gene cloning, secreted protein identification, subcellular localization in fish cells, and apoptosis detection of NsSOD were carried out in this study. Subcellular localization research revealed that NsSOD‐GFP fusion proteins were evenly distributed in the cytoplasm. Furthermore, apoptotic bodies were observed in the transfected FHM cells by the overexpression of protein NsSOD. Then, assays of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) value, caspase‐3 activity and apoptosis‐related genes (Bax, Bid, Bad and Bcl‐2) mRNA expression were conducted. The results showed that ΔΨm was decreased, and caspase‐3 was significantly activated. The mRNA expression of the Bad gene showed significant up‐regulated expression at 24 h.p.t., while Bid and Bax genes showed significant up‐regulated expression at 72 and 96 h.p.t. and anti‐apoptotic gene (Bcl‐2) was down‐regulated in NsSOD overexpressed cells. Taken together, the results indicated that the protein NsSOD might be involved in apoptosis regulation. This study may lay the foundations for further studies on the function of NsSOD and promote the understanding of the virulence factors and the pathogenic mechanisms of N. seriolae.  相似文献
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