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王承志  邱高峰 《水产学报》2012,36(6):908-913
应用反向高效液相色谱法(RP-HPLC)从中华绒螯蟹脑组织提取液初步分离了促性腺释放激素(GnRH)类似物,使用章鱼促性腺释放激素抗体(anti-octGnRH)对分离组分进行免疫斑点印迹实验鉴定,获得了免疫反应呈阳性分离组分,表明脑组织粗提液中含有GnRH类似物分离组分。对该GnRH类似物进行基质辅助激光解吸/电离串联飞行时间质谱(MALDI-TOF/TOFMS)分析,结果显示多肽物质分子量范围在800~1400u,主要由8种小分子多肽组成,其中一种组分的分子量与章鱼促性腺释放激素(octGnRH)分子量接近。  相似文献
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建立一种反相高效液相色谱法用于海藻中岩藻黄素的定量分析,并测定新鲜及干制褐藻中岩藻黄素含量,探究不同干制方式对褐藻岩藻黄素的影响。样品经甲醇提取、C18柱固相萃取净化后,采用ZORBAX SB-C18色谱柱,流动相采用水与甲醇梯度洗脱,流速0.7 ml/min、进样量10 μl、柱温35℃、检测波长450 nm进行液相色谱分析。在该条件下,岩藻黄素在0.11~50 mg/L范围内有良好的线性关系(Y=38.46X+0.8899,R2=0.9999),检测限为0.03 mg/L,回收率为92.66%~109.06%,相对标准偏差(RSD)为3.46~4.61%。采用该方法,岩藻黄素提取净化完全,杂质干扰小,回收率高,能够对海藻及其制品中岩藻黄素进行准确定量。采用该方法测得新鲜海带和马尾藻的岩藻黄素含量(干基)分别为559.2和680.4 mg/kg,而干制褐藻样品中岩藻黄素的含量明显低于新鲜褐藻。不同干制方式造成的岩藻黄素损失程度为真空冷冻干燥<45℃烘干≈自然晾干。因此,在规模化分离制备海藻岩藻黄素时,宜采用新鲜或冻干海藻作为原料,从而保证岩藻黄素的得率。  相似文献
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为测定罗非鱼( Oreochromis niloticus)皮中羟脯氨酸含量,建立了微波辅助蛋白质水解-反相高效液相色谱法。实验采用9-芴基甲氧基羰酰氯( FMOC-Cl)为衍生试剂,应用ZORBAX SB-C18色谱柱,以0.05 mol/L的醋酸钠溶液和甲醇为流动相进行梯度洗脱, DAD检测器在262 nm处进行检测,外标法定量。结果显示,羟脯氨酸线性关系良好,相关系数为0.9999,回收率92.00%~103.25%,相对标准偏差2.53%~3.61%,检出限为0.2 mg/g。  相似文献
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As a tool for stock identification the body morphology and the free amino acid (FAA) profile variability were determined among farmed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum 1792) from different geographical areas throughout Greece, using geometric morphometrics and Reversed Phase‐High‐Performance Liquid Chromatography. Significant intraspecific body shape variation was detected among the fish stocks of different origin. Canonical Variate Analysis distinguished populations into two groups being consistent to a great extent with a previous population genetics study. General linear models did not support an association of haplotypes and diet with shape. However, shape was significantly correlated with origin, water temperature, geological‐chemical‐climatic zones, histidine and arginine. Therefore, morphological variation was primarily driven by environmentally induced differences among these zones being the result of phenotypic plasticity. Environmental cues and rearing conditions played the pivotal role in comparison to broodstock origin. Specimens presented different FAA profiles depending on their geographical origin. Principal Component Analysis showed a division between eastern and western Greece which might be owed to the existence of climatic fluctuations affecting the abiotic factors. This combined approach offers an important tool for stock identification thus assisting environmental risk assessments in evaluation of potential ecological effects and fostering research excellence in sustainable aquaculture management.  相似文献
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