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ABSTRACT: Genetic polymorphism in kingfish, collected from coastal waters of Japan, Australia and New Zealand, were examined using microsatellite (MS) DNA and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region markers. Sixteen to 25.7 alleles per locus were observed in three MS markers, while the average observed (and expected) heterozygosities were 0.782 (0.918), 0.750 (0.809) and 0.650 (0.888) for Australian, Japanese and New Zealand kingfish, respectively. Twelve mtDNA haplotypes were detected by the digestion of control region sequences with five endonucleases: Hae III, Hinf I Mbo I, Rsa I and Taq I. Significant genetic divergence was observed between the kingfish population from Japan and those from Australia–New Zealand. There was no significant differentiation among the Australian and New Zealand population samples.  相似文献
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香鱼野生群体和养殖群体遗传多样性比较   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
香鱼是分布于中国、日本和朝鲜的一种珍稀名贵经济鱼类,本实验比较分析了香鱼养殖和野生群体的遗传多样性。研究结果显示,在长度为445 bp的控制区部分序列上,鳌山卫养殖群体的单倍型多样度h(0.198 4±0.092 4)和核苷酸多样度π(0.000 8±0.000 9)显著低于东张水库野生群体(h=0.810 5±0.067; π=0.002 6±0.002 0),两群体产生了较大的遗传分化(Fst=0.447,P=0);单倍型邻接关系树的拓扑结构简单,未呈现明显的地理谱系结构,日本香鱼个体与中国香鱼亲缘关系较远;东张群体的历史动态分析结果表明其可能经历过近期的群体扩张事件。无论是养殖群体还是野生群体,中国香鱼群体的遗传多样性现状不容乐观。  相似文献
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泥鳅线粒体DNA控制区结构分析及遗传多样性研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
采用PCR和DNA测序技术对4个泥鳅(Misgurnus anguillicaudatus)群体的线粒体DNA控制区序列进行比较,研究其遗传多样性和控制区的结构。结果显示,用于分析的线粒体DNA控制区片段序列为918~920bp。32个序列中共发现了56个多态位点,其中32个转换位点,19个颠换位点,5个转换与颠换同时存在的位点,定义了32种单倍型。同时对控制区结构进行分析,识别了其终止序列区(ETAS)、中央保守区(CD)和保守序列区(CSB)的关键序列。4个地理群体的单倍型多样性(Hd)、核苷酸多样性(Pi)和平均核苷酸差异数(K)分别为0.992、0.012和10.698。群体间的平均Kimura双参数遗传距离(Kimura 2-parameter distance,K2-P)、遗传分化指数(Fst)、基因交流值(Nm)和分子方差分析(AMOVA)均表明4个泥鳅群体具有较高的遗传分化,基因交流贫乏。利用核苷酸序列构建的NJ分子系统树揭示4个群体分为2个谱系,除范县群体外,其余各群体间相互交叉聚集。  相似文献
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对翘嘴鳜4个人工繁殖群体[江西南昌国家级翘嘴鳜原种场(1个群体)、广东南海人工繁殖群体(2个群体)、广东惠州人工繁殖群体(1个群体)]及2个天然群体(江西鄱阳湖养1个月;江西鄱阳湖养2~3 d)共60尾的线粒体控制区(D-loop)核苷酸序列进行扩增后测序和遗传多态性分析。采用特异性引物对翘嘴鳜基因组进行PCR扩增,得到翘嘴鳜线粒体DNA控制区基因的全序列(833 bp)。分析得到的D-loop区碱基序列中60个个体共检测到65个变异位点,其中43个是单一变异位点,22个为简约信息位点。60个个体共检测出22个单倍型。分析结果表明,江西两个天然群体基因交流充分,未出现遗传分化,但相对江西省翘嘴鳜原种,广东省翘嘴鳜养殖种群多态性偏低。因此,广东省从其他省鳜鱼原种场引进翘嘴鳜原种是非常有必要的,这对我国集约化主产区广东省的鳜鱼产业向高效、优质的方向持续健康发展具有重要意义。  相似文献
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Population structure of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) in the Indian Ocean, Western Pacific Ocean and Eastern Atlantic Ocean were investigated using mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequence data. A total of 380 specimens were sampled from four regions in the Indian Ocean (Cocos Islands, Southeastern Indian Ocean, Southwestern Indian Ocean and Seychelles), and one region each from the Atlantic (Guinea) and the Western Pacific Oceans, respectively. The reconstructed neighbor-joining phylogeny based on the first hypervariable region (HVR-1) of the mitochondrial control region sequence data showed that haplotypes from the Indian and the Western Pacific Oceans could be grouped into two clades (Clades I and III), whereas in the Atlantic Ocean, two divergent clades (Clades I and II) coexisted. A single stock of bigeye tuna in the Indian Ocean was supported by hierarchical AMOVA tests and pairwise ΦST analyses. Clade I was the dominant population in the Indian and the Western Pacific Oceans which consisted of more than 96% of the specimens and Clade II was a specific group exclusively restricted to the Atlantic Ocean which made up 77% of its specimens. A new minor Clade, Clade III was discovered in the Indian and the Western Pacific Ocean. Overall, these analyses indicated that bigeye tuna of the Indian Ocean constituted a single panmictic population.  相似文献
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