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为探究L-色氨酸和褪黑激素(MT)对中华绒螯蟹血糖水平及肝胰腺抗氧化能力的影响。实验选取初始体质量为(16.58±2.20)g的雌性中华绒螯蟹,随机分成8组(L-色氨酸和MT处理各4组),实验周期均为30 d。(1)L-色氨酸饲料投喂实验4组:L-色氨酸所占饲料比重分别为0.36%(基础饲料即对照组)、0.47%、0.73%和1.05%(分别记为1、2、3和4组),30 d后分别测定各组蟹的血糖水平及肝胰腺的T-AOC和SOD活性;(2)MT注射实验4组:每组分别在第1天和15天时注射生理盐水(即对照组,C组)和不同剂量的MT 10-6 mol/只(μM组)、10-9 mol/只(nM组)和10-12 mol/只(pM组)。分别于第1天和15天时,收集血淋巴和肝胰腺,分别测定血糖水平、T-AOC和SOD活性。于第30天时,再次收集血淋巴以测定血糖水平。结果显示:不同含量L-色氨酸对中华绒螯蟹血糖水平无明显影响,其血糖含量约为(4.62±0.20)mmol/L。此外,0.73% L-色氨酸的饲料能显著提高肝胰腺SOD活性(82.86±1.07)U/mL;注射MT仅在第1天时对中华绒螯蟹的血糖水平有促进作用,并呈剂量依赖性的方式升高,其中μM组蟹血糖水平高达(7.56±0.36)mmol/L,其值显著高于C、pM和nM组。此外注射MT在第1天时,对肝胰腺T-AOC和SOD活性也有明显的促进作用。其中,μM组蟹肝胰腺T-AOC和SOD活性均显著高于C、pM和nM组。研究表明,饲喂0.73% L-色氨酸的饲料能够提高中华绒螯蟹的抗氧化能力,但对血糖水平的影响不明显;注射10-6 mol/只MT可以在短时间内(1 d)提高中华绒螯蟹的血糖水平和抗氧化能力。  相似文献
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The effects of dietary tryptophan on growth performance, energy budget and endocrine response of sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka) were studied, to test whether the tryptophan could mitigate the crowding stress response of the sea cucumber. Four density treatments of the sea cucumber (i.e. 4, 8, 16 and 32 individuals per 40 L water, represented as L, ML, MH and H) were fed with diets containing 0 (control), 1%, 3% and 5% l ‐tryptophan, respectively, for 75 days. The results showed that the specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCE) of A. japonicus decreased with increasing in the stocking densities but increased after supplementation of 1% and 3% tryptophan. The energy allocation of the A. japonicus was affected significantly by stocking density and dietary tryptophan treatments (< .05). In general, the energy consumed (C) and energy used for growth (G) decreased with the increasing in the stocking densities. The highest proportion of energy deposited to growth occurred in each 3% treatment (L, 6.38%; ML, 6.12%; MH, 4.56% and H, 4.14%), which were significantly higher than the controls (< .05) respectively. Higher cortisol, glucose and lactate levels of A. japonicus were recorded in the control treatments of MH and H, but l ‐tryptophan supplementation could reduce the levels of cortisol, glucose and lactate of the test animals. The present results proved that the growth performance of the sea cucumber was inhibited by high stocking densities, while dietary supplementation of tryptophan could significantly mitigate the crowding stress, and improve the growth of sea cucumber.  相似文献
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