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Juvenile Atlantic halibut cultured on a smooth substrate often develop skin lesions on the blind (abocular) side, significantly reducing carcass value and causing economic losses. We discovered that fish not only developed skin erosions, but also extensive epidermal papillomas when held on a smooth substrate for 39 months. This is the first time that epidermal papillomas have been reported in Atlantic halibut. To determine whether substrate type affected the progression or healing of these lesions, fish with papillomas and skin erosions were moved to identical rearing units having either an irregular (sand, gravel or Netlon) substrate, or a smooth (gel-coated fibreglass) substrate. After 62 days, 42-50% of fish held on any of the three irregular substrates had a skin erosion area (SEA) that had either diminished or appeared to be completely healed via gross examination. In contrast, none of the fish held on the smooth substrate showed improvement and 75-100% had a more severe SEA. Changes in the papilloma area (PA) were less dramatic: none of the fish held on an irregular substrate had any clear change in PA, although there was a suggestion that the PA in some fish might becoming less severe. Similarly, none of the fish held on the smooth substrate had a change in PA, although there was a suggestion that the PA in some fish was becoming more severe. After 97 days, there was also a suggestion that specific growth rates were higher in fish held on an irregular substrate when compared with those held on the smooth substrate. Overall, these data further substantiate previous studies suggesting that an irregular substrate, including the commercially used Netlon, is best for rearing Atlantic halibut. While there was a clear relationship between substrate type and whether skin erosions or papillomas progressed or healed, the exact cause(s) of these two responses is uncertain. Future studies should focus on risk factors such as stress, burrowing behaviour and the microenvironment of the substrate.  相似文献
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利用cDNA末端快速克隆技术(RACE)获得了半滑舌鳎(Cynoglossus semilaevis)2种黑色素聚集素受体(MCHR1和MCHR2)的cDNA全长序列,并采用定量PCR技术分析了MCHR mRNA的组织表达特性,研究了其与无眼侧黑化程度的关系.结果显示,半滑舌鳎MCHR1 cDNA序列全长为1685 bp,开放阅读框(ORF)长为1080 bp,编码359个氨基酸,与牙鲆(Paralichthys olivaceus)同源性高达83.3%.系统进化分析显示,半滑舌鳎MCHR1与鲋形目、鲽形目和鲈形目鱼类聚为1个小分支.MCHR2 cDNA序列全长为1626bp,ORF长为1044bp,编码347个氨基酸,与鲽形目同源性最高达到90%以上.系统进化分析显示,半滑舌鳎MCHR2与鲽形目、鲈形目鱼类聚为1个小分支.MCHR1 mRNA在鳃中表达量最高,而MCHR2 mRNA在有眼侧皮肤中表达量最高,性腺次之.另外,MCHR1和MCHR2 mRNA在其他组织中均检测到表达,这表明半滑舌鳎黑色素聚集素(MCH)可能通过内分泌方式和各组织中的MCHR介导参与生理调控.不同黑化面积表达分析显示,在无眼侧黑化发生早期,脑垂体中MCHR1 mRNA显著升高,在无眼侧50%黑化组达到峰值,皮肤中MCHR1 mRNA在无眼侧10%黑化组显著升高,其后保持较高水平;脑垂体和皮肤中MCHR2mRNA表达表现出一致的变化趋势,在无眼侧黑化发生早期都达到峰值,其后逐渐下降至相对较低水平.表明MCHR可能直接或通过其他信号通路参与了半滑舌鳎无眼侧黑化性状的调控过程.  相似文献
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