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岩藻黄素的生物活性及应用研究进展   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
岩藻黄素(fucoxanthin)是一类类胡萝卜素,主要分布在褐藻和硅藻中,并且结构已经被确定。岩藻黄素具有抗癌、抗炎、减肥等生物活性。利用这些功能,岩藻黄素在临床疾病防治以及生物工程等方面展示出十分广阔的应用前景。  相似文献
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建立一种反相高效液相色谱法用于海藻中岩藻黄素的定量分析,并测定新鲜及干制褐藻中岩藻黄素含量,探究不同干制方式对褐藻岩藻黄素的影响。样品经甲醇提取、C18柱固相萃取净化后,采用ZORBAX SB-C18色谱柱,流动相采用水与甲醇梯度洗脱,流速0.7 ml/min、进样量10 μl、柱温35℃、检测波长450 nm进行液相色谱分析。在该条件下,岩藻黄素在0.11~50 mg/L范围内有良好的线性关系(Y=38.46X+0.8899,R2=0.9999),检测限为0.03 mg/L,回收率为92.66%~109.06%,相对标准偏差(RSD)为3.46~4.61%。采用该方法,岩藻黄素提取净化完全,杂质干扰小,回收率高,能够对海藻及其制品中岩藻黄素进行准确定量。采用该方法测得新鲜海带和马尾藻的岩藻黄素含量(干基)分别为559.2和680.4 mg/kg,而干制褐藻样品中岩藻黄素的含量明显低于新鲜褐藻。不同干制方式造成的岩藻黄素损失程度为真空冷冻干燥<45℃烘干≈自然晾干。因此,在规模化分离制备海藻岩藻黄素时,宜采用新鲜或冻干海藻作为原料,从而保证岩藻黄素的得率。  相似文献
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Two-level full factorial design was employed to identify the extraction parameters that can improve the derivation of fucoxanthin content (FC), total carotenoid content (TCC), and antioxidant from two brown seaweeds, Sargassum siliquosum (SS) and Sargassum polycystum (SP). These parameters included temperature (A: 4–45°C), time (B: 30–1,440 min), and solvent-to-solid ratio (C: 10–50 ml/g). Antioxidant activities were determined as trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Results showed that all three factors were significant (p < 0.05) in providing higher FC in both species. These factors were also significant in obtaining higher TCC in SS; whereas in SP, TCC was only affected by solvent-to-solid ratio. Only temperature was found to contribute significantly to a higher TEAC in both species. However, none of the factors improved DPPH for SS, except temperature and time for SP. For SS, only time was significant in obtaining higher FRAP; whereas temperature and time were significant for SP. Hence, results indicate that a simple modification in the extraction temperature, time, and solvent-to-solid ratio will be able to improve the derivation of fucoxanthin, carotenoids, and antioxidant activities.  相似文献
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