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1.
丁香酚麻醉半滑舌鳎成鱼的试验研究   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12  
研究了在20~21℃水温下丁香酚对半滑舌鳎成鱼的麻醉作用。根据鱼体在最终麻醉状态和复苏过程中的行为特征,把麻醉程度分为6个时期,复苏过程分为4个时期。鱼体最终麻醉程度不超过3期时,呼吸频率略微增加,到4期时呼吸频率才明显下降。丁香酚麻醉半滑舌鳎成鱼的有效浓度为40~80mg/L,在此范围内,丁香酚浓度越高鱼体达到4期的麻醉时间越短,但复苏时间没有明显差别。丁香酚浓度在40~60mg/L之间时,最长麻醉保活时间>20min;当丁香酚浓度≥80mg/L时,最长麻醉保活时间<8min,鱼体入麻时间与死亡时间的边界很窄,麻醉后应立即进行复苏,否则会导致鱼体死亡。  相似文献
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丁香油对鲤鱼和罗非鱼的麻醉作用   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
本实验将丁香油按体积比加入水中制备成不同浓度梯度的麻醉剂,分别在不同水温下对两种大小规格的鲤鱼和罗非鱼进行麻醉试验.28℃水温时,随着丁香油浓度由0.05 mL·L-1到0.1mL·L-1、0.15mL·L-1增加,鲤鱼和罗非鱼麻醉时间均缩短.鲤鱼恢复时间增长,罗非鱼则缩短.在0.1mL·L-1浓度下,随着水温从21℃到24℃、26℃、28℃升高,鲤鱼和罗非鱼麻醉作用时间缩短.鲤鱼恢复时间增长而罗非鱼则缩短.28℃水温0.1mL·L-1浓度下,小鲤鱼麻醉时间比小罗非鱼短,而恢复时间比小罗非鱼长.结果显示,丁香油是一种高效、廉价的鱼类麻醉剂.  相似文献
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利用不同极性大小的溶剂石油醚、乙酸乙酯、氯仿、甲醇回流提取丁香制备粗提物,进行杀灭多子小瓜虫幼虫和包囊的药效活性追踪,确定丁香杀虫的活性部位为石油醚提取部分,进而利用硅胶柱层析和中压制备液相等分离技术结合活性追逐试验追踪分离丁香石油醚提取物(对多子小瓜虫幼虫和包囊的100%致死质量浓度分别为50 mg/L和80 mg/L ),最终分离获得一种杀虫活性物质,经质谱、核磁氢谱、核磁碳谱等多种波谱分析技术确定该活性物质为丁香酚。体外杀虫结果表明,丁香酚对多子小瓜虫具有较强的杀灭作用,其对幼虫15min、1h、2h、3h和4h的半数致死质量浓度分别为6.21(5.85~6.65) mg/L、3.50(3.24~3.84) mg/L、2.90(2.62~3.22) mg/L、2.33(2.10~2.50) mg/L和2.15(1.98~2.32) mg/L ,对幼虫4 h的100%杀灭的质量浓度为3.5 mg/L ,对包囊6 h的100%杀灭质量浓度为3.5 mg/L。结果表明,丁香酚是一种具有较好开发前景的杀多子小瓜虫药物。  相似文献
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We examined the effects tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222), clove oil and CO2 on feed intake and cortisol response in steelhead trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Even though a body of literature exists about the effects of different anaesthetics on fish, no comparative information seems to be available about their effects on feed intake after anaesthesia, which would be important to know especially in aquaculture research. We anaesthetised juvenile steelhead trout with these three anaesthetics, and then sampled them 4, 24 and 48 h later. Fish in all groups ate relatively well already 4 h after anaesthesia. However, feed intake in fish treated with clove oil or MS-222 was lower than in the controls. There were no differences in feed intake among anaesthetised groups. Plasma cortisol concentrations were elevated 48 h after anaesthetisation, but the treatment means were equal throughout the experiment. Our results support previous findings that clove oil is a reasonable alternative to MS-222.  相似文献
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将丁香油添加到蟹黄鲜虾酱中,25℃恒温贮藏180 d,通过对蟹黄鲜虾酱贮藏过程中丙二醛含量、总巯基含量、脂肪酸组成及含量、呈味物质含量进行定期检测,并结合滋味物质的味道强度值和味道当量在贮藏过程中的变化,探索丁香油对蟹黄鲜虾酱贮藏过程品质的影响。结果显示,丁香油能抑制丙二醛的生成、总巯基的降低和不饱和脂肪酸的分解,添加丁香油的蟹黄鲜虾酱呈味核苷酸、鲜味氨基酸、甜味氨基酸、游离氨基酸含量和味精当量值显著高于不添加丁香油的蟹黄鲜虾酱。研究表明,在贮藏过程中,丁香油对蟹黄鲜虾酱不仅具有抗脂肪和蛋白质氧化的作用,还能够提高其贮藏稳定性和风味。  相似文献
9.
The present study determined the effective concentrations of clove oil and MS‐222 in juvenile rohu Labeo rohita for quick induction and recovery. The immune‐biochemical responses due to 0, 1 and 24 hr exposure to those anaesthetics were also evaluated. Of four concentrations of the anaesthetics examined, the lowest effective concentration of clove oil and MS‐222 were 50 µl/L and 125 mg/L respectively. Clove oil and MS‐222 significantly increased the myeloperoxidase, total protein and alkaline phosphatase activity at some of the holding durations. However, superoxide anion production (after 0 and 1 hr) and antiprotease activity (after 24 hr) were significantly reduced in fish exposed to clove oil. Serum glucose content was significantly elevated in the MS‐222‐treated group. Furthermore, the clove oil‐treated group showed significantly higher levels of serum Na+ and K+, while the aspartate and alanine aminotransferase activities were significantly enhanced in the MS‐222 group. The use of both clove oil and MS‐222 is advised as an anaesthetic agent for rohu with a bias towards clove oil, considering its economic and operational feasibility.  相似文献
10.
Crustaceans are aquacultured both for food and as ornamental organisms. Pain and distress are not entirely understood in crustaceans, but the industry is moving towards requiring protection for the welfare of these animals during handling. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of clove oil as an anaesthetic for redclaw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) as a model for freshwater crustaceans. We also studied how factors such as body weight and sex of redclaw could affect this efficacy. The whole experiment was replicated in two consecutive years. Redclaw juveniles were sorted into three size classes: small (<5 g), medium (5–12 g) and large (12–37 g). At least 10 males and 10 females from each size class were placed individually in water containing clove oil concentrations of 375 and 500 μl/L. Both concentrations induced rapid induction and recovery times, with 500 μl/L being the more effective concentration of the two. Induction and recovery times increased with the increase in crayfish size. No significant differences were found in induction and recovery times between male and female crayfish. Results suggest that clove oil is an effective anaesthetic for redclaw.  相似文献
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