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斜带石斑鱼肝细胞分离及原代培养方法的建立   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
本研究以斜带石斑鱼肝细胞为实验对象,在不同培养条件下进行原代培养,旨在探讨稳定可靠的斜带石斑鱼肝细胞分离及原代培养方法。采用组织块分离法和胰蛋白酶(含EDTA)消化法分离肝细胞,并通过密度梯度离心法分离纯化肝细胞,细胞悬液于DMEM/F-12、M199和L-15培养液中培养;细胞活力及数量采用血球计数板计数,并通过MTT法测定细胞增殖率;同时,测定不同时间培养上清液中乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)活性、白蛋白(ALB)和尿素氮(BUN)的含量,以分析肝细胞生长状态。结果表明,组织块方法不适于斜带石斑鱼肝细胞的培养,未见细胞从组织块中迁出,而胰蛋白酶消化法获得良好稳定的培养效果,细胞产量达到1.6×108个/g肝重,活细胞数达到95%;L-15培养基细胞生长明显优于DMEM/F-12和M199培养基;启动原代培养的48~72 h阶段肝细胞生长代谢旺盛,培养上清液中LDH活性显著降低,ALB和BUN含量显著升高。结果显示,0.25%的胰蛋白酶常温消化法适合斜带石斑鱼肝细胞的分离,斜带石斑鱼肝细胞原代培养的最适培养基为L-15培养基,肝细胞在启动原代培养的48~72 h生长代谢旺盛。  相似文献
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重金属对罗氏沼虾血细胞活性和酯酶活力的影响   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
为探讨不同重金属对罗氏沼虾(Macrobrachium rosenbergii)血细胞的细胞毒性,取罗氏沼虾血淋巴,离体状态下分别暴露于不同浓度(10~(-9)~10~(-3) mol/L)的Cd~(2+)、Hg~(2+)、Cu~(2+)和Zn~(2+)环境中6 h,设置不添加重金属的对照组,应用流式细胞术测定细胞活性和胞内非特异性酯酶活力。结果显示,10~(-9)~10~(-6) mol/L的Cd~(2+)对细胞活性和酯酶活力均没有显著影响,Cd~(2+)浓度达到10~(-5) mol/L时,酯酶活力受到了显著的抑制,Cd~(2+)浓度达到10~(-4)和10~(-3) mol/L时,细胞活性和酯酶活力均显著下降;10~(-9)~10~(-6) mol/L的Hg~(2+)对细胞活性和酯酶活力均没有显著影响,Hg~(2+)浓度为10~(-5)~10~(-3) mol/L时,细胞活性和酯酶活力均显著下降;10~(-9)~10~(-5) mol/L的Cu~(2+)对细胞活性和酯酶活力均没有显著影响,Cu~(2+)浓度为10~(-4)~10~(-3) mol/L时,细胞活性和酯酶活力均显著下降;10~(-9)~10~(-5) mol/L的Zn~(2+)对细胞活性和酯酶活力均没有显著影响,Zn~(2+)浓度为10~(-4) mol/L时,酯酶活力显著下降,Zn~(2+)浓度为10~(-3) mol/L时,细胞活性和酯酶活力均显著下降。Cd~(2+)、Hg~(2+)、Cu~(2+)和Zn~(2+)对细胞活性的毒性临界浓度分别为10~(-4) mol/L、10~(-5) mol/L、10~(-4) mol/L和10~(-3) mol/L,毒性强度由高到低依次为Hg~(2+)、Cd~(2+)、Cu~(2+)、Zn~(2+)。Cd、Hg、Cu和Zn这4种重金属对罗氏沼虾血细胞活性和酯酶活力均具有明显的剂量效应;酯酶活力对重金属胁迫较细胞活性更为敏感,可作为虾类细胞毒理学研究的重要指标。  相似文献
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南京农业大学动物科技学院,江苏省水产动物营养重点实验室,江苏南京210095用含不同浓度维生素C(0,50,100,200,400和800 μmol/L)的培养液培养异育银鲫原代肝脏细胞,待细胞融合后,测定细胞活性、细胞内维生素C含量,乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)活性.再将用维生素C培养的肝脏细胞经敌百虫胁迫24 h,测定细胞内总抗氧化能力(T-AOC)、谷胱甘肽-S-转移酶(GST)和丁酰胆碱酯酶(B-ChE)活性以及细胞内细胞色素P450( CYP450)含量.结果表明,与未添加维生素C组相比,在100 μmol/L的维生素C剂量组,肝脏细胞活性显著高于较其它剂量组(P<0.05);细胞内维生素C的含量随着培养液中维生素C的增加而增加,且差异显著(P<0.05);在800 μmol/L维生素C剂量组,细胞LDH活性显著增加(P<0.05),但是其它剂量组均无显著变化.肝脏细胞经敌百虫胁迫后,在50、100和200μmol/L维生素C剂量组,细胞T-AOC能力,GST活性,B-ChE活性和CYP450含量显著升高(P<0.05),细胞解毒和抗氧化能力增强;但是当维生素C的剂量为400和800 μmol/L时,细胞T-AOC能力和GST活性降低.综上所述,在体外细胞培养液中添加在50 ~ 200μmol/L剂量范围的维生素C可以促进原代肝脏细胞生长,增强细胞解毒能力,提高细胞的抗氧化水平.  相似文献
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The objectives of this study were to establish a protocol for the isolation of metabolically viable ventricular cardiomyocytes from the rainbow trout and to determine which measures may best reflect viability 24 h after isolation. Cardiomyocytes were isolated by enzymatic digestion and maintained in cell suspension. Viability was assessed using Trypan blue dye exclusion, ATP content, oxygen consumption and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage into the medium. Viability, assessed by these measures did not significantly change over the time period of this study. ATP content did correlate significantly with oxygen consumption but not with Trypan blue exclusion. We conclude that primary cultured cardiomyocytes remain metabolically viable for at least 24 h after isolation. Also, it appears that ATP content and oxygen consumption most adequately reflect metabolic cell viability. To be confident with a culture, however, a combination of viability measures is necessary when isolating cardiomyocytes from fish.  相似文献
5.
本研究以离心和重悬工艺获得的蛋白核小球藻(Chlorella pyrenoidosa)浓缩藻膏(8× 1010 cells/mL)和浓缩藻液(1×108 cells/mL)为研究对象,系统评价了巴氏杀菌以及保藏温度[室温(25℃)和4℃]对短期避光保藏下细胞相对活性和营养保持率的影响。结果显示,巴氏杀菌处理会引起2种蛋白核小球藻浓缩制品褐变,室温保藏会加速其腐败。浓缩制品可在4℃低温下直接保藏15 d,浓缩藻膏中总叶绿素、总类胡萝卜素和蛋白质含量分别为保藏前的97.20%、100.00%和98.20%;浓缩藻液中总叶绿素、总类胡萝卜素和蛋白质含量无变化,均与保藏前的含量相同。本研究还建立了荧光探针法检测蛋白核小球藻细胞活性的最优条件:细胞浓度为2.6×105 cells/mL,二醋酸荧光素工作浓度为60 μmoL/L,染色时间为30 min。结果显示,4℃条件下直接保藏15 d后,浓缩藻膏和浓缩藻液的细胞相对活性分别为保藏前的48.26%和61.36%。本研究建立的蛋白核小球藻浓缩制品的低温保藏技术,为微藻新鲜浓缩制品的下游水产应用提供了重要技术支撑。  相似文献
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The goal of this study was to develop and characterize a cell line from the caudal fin tissue of zebrafish and also its application as an in vitro model to study the effect of H2O2 in wound healing. Fibroblastic cell line was developed using explant culture method from caudal fin tissue of zebrafish and characterized. This cell line was named as DrF cell line. The DrF cells treated with 0–10 µM/ml H2O2 were tested for viability, proliferation and motility by MTT assay, trypan blue assay and chemotaxis assay, respectively. Among the different concentrations of H2O2, 4 µM was found to be nontoxic to study cell migration in in vitro scratch wound assay. Furthermore, the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and chemokine receptor (CXCR4) genes was carried by qPCR. The cell survival, proliferation and migration were extremely enriched at 4 µM level of H2O2. We observed accelerated wound closure in DrF cells treated with H2O2. The qPCR results indicated that H2O2 markedly up‐regulated mRNA expression of PCNA and CXCR4. The findings from our study suggest that H2O2 at low levels promotes cell survival, proliferation, migration and wound healing in DrF cells.  相似文献
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