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邱伟强  陈刚  陈舜胜  谢晶 《水产学报》2011,35(11):1745-1752
建立了水产品中6种ATP关联化合物的离子对反相高效液相色谱(IP-RPLC)检测方法,确定了缓冲液的最佳pH、流速和浓度,并对方法的准确度、精确度和检测限进行了测定.采用10%的高氯酸分离提取样品,用KOH溶液中和后进行HPLC分析.采用Waters 2695色谱系统,Thermo ODS-2 Hypersil(250 mm ×4.6 mm,5μm)色谱柱,柱温为25℃;以10%甲醇,90% 0.05 mol/L磷酸盐溶液为流动相,磷酸盐溶液含9 mmol/L四丁基氢氧化氨(TBA),并用1 mol/L的磷酸调pH至6.5,采用等度洗脱,流速为0.9 mL/min;检测波长为254 nm.结果表明:6种ATP关联化合物在13 min内完全分离;在2~400 μg/mL范围内线性关系良好,相关系数在0.9994~1.0000之间;方法最低检测限(信噪比S/N =3)在0.1~0.4 μg/mL之间;加标平均回收率为82.2% ~110.0%,相对标准偏差为4.2% ~9.5%.本方法可用于水产品中ATP、ADP、AMP、IMP、Hx和HxR等6种ATP关联化合物的同时测定和分析.  相似文献
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ABSTRACT:   Change in the translucency of squid mantle muscle during itsstorage at 0°C was studied by monitoring L* valueand turbidity. Two indicators showed that squid mantle muscle lostits translucency and reached maximal turbidity within 24 hof storage. Thickness of mantle muscle also increased by 15% in12 h, earlier than the loss of translucency. ATP contentdecreased with storage time and was completely lost in almost 24 h,a similar period to translucency loss, but later than rigor contraction.Development of black color on skin surface by chromatophores wasfully achieved in 24 h. It was thus concluded that ATPcontent was well correlated with a loss of translucency or increasein the turbidity of mantle muscle and development of dark coloron the surface skin of mantle.  相似文献
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To clarify the influence of the interposition of pink muscle fiber into dorsal ordinary muscle on temporal change of K-value, using cultured carp, the dorsal muscle was divided into five muscle parts towards depth with the naked eye as follows: the dark muscle part (P-1), the intermediate muscle part (P-2) and three ordinary muscle parts (P-3, P-4, P-5). These were organized from the muscle fiber types as follows: P-1 was only red muscle fiber type. P-2 was only pink muscle fiber type in a thin layer and two muscle fiber types of not only pink muscle fiber but also white muscle fiber of the IIa or IIb subtype in a mosaic pattern. All of P-3, P-4 and P-5 were two muscle fiber types, white muscle fiber (IIa or IIb subtype) and pink muscle fiber. The temporal changes of K-values were remarkably faster in the order of P-1, P-2, and three parts of P-3, P-4 and P-5. The changes did not exhibit a remarkable difference among the three ordinary muscle parts. From these results, it was considered that the interposition of pink muscle fiber into the dorsal ordinary muscle might accelerate the temporal change of K-value.  相似文献
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SUMMARY: The study on K value change at low temperature storage had been carried out down to a temperature of −40°C, however, there was no evidence about this reaction rate if the temperature were lowered below the storage temperature normally used especially for tuna meat (−60oC). The rate of K value change ( kf ) of yellowfin tuna ( Thunnus albacares ) meat was determined during storage at a wide temperature range (20°C to −84°C). The logarithm of K '(= 100 − K value) was used in this study and its plot against storage time yielded a straight line, which indicated an apparent first-order reaction for all temperature storage. Furthermore, physicochemical characterization of water in tuna muscle was carried out using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) at very low temperature. The temperature dependence of this reaction was analyzed by an Arrhenius's plot that resulted in two break points. The first break point occurring at freezing point might be due to the freeze effect. The second break point was at −10°C. The reaction rate change steeply declined at the temperature range of −70°C to −84°C, and was thought to be related to glass transition which may occur in the fish sample.  相似文献
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陈舜胜 《水产学报》2006,30(1):124-129
分析了乌鳢(Channaargus)即杀后背肉、腹肉、尾部肉、肝脏、生殖腺中ATP关联化合物、游离氨基酸、多胺、糖元及糖酵解中间代谢物、有机酸等的含量。ATP关联化合物在肌肉中的总量为7.5~8.0μmol·g-1。ATP在背肉含量为3.9μmol·g-1,腹肉为4.1μmol·g-1,尾部肉为4.7μmol·g-1。运动激烈的尾部肉ATP占63%,含量相当高。肝脏中有少量的腺苷与肌苷酸一起被检出,据此可认为ATP的分解存在两个途径。游离氨基酸总量在背肉中为436.0mg·(100g)-1,腹肉中为405.0mg·(100g)-1,尾部肉中为356.3mg·(100g)-1。牛磺酸和甘氨酸为主要氨基酸,占68%~73%。丙氨酸和谷氨酸也相当高的含量检出。肌肉中的多胺检出为精胺和亚精胺,肝脏和生殖腺中有较高浓度的腐胺及亚精胺和精胺检出。即杀后糖元的量约占肌肉的0.5%,还有相当多的葡萄糖和6磷酸葡萄糖的糖酵解中间代谢物以及其最终产物乳酸的大量检出。  相似文献
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建立了水产品中三磷酸腺苷(ATP)、二磷酸腺苷(ADP)、腺苷酸(AMP)、肌苷酸(IMP)、次黄嘌呤核苷(HxR)和次黄嘌呤(Hx)6种ATP关联化合物的高效液相色谱检测方法。样品中的ATP关联物经高氯酸提取并用氢氧化钠调节pH值至6.0-6.4后,以AQ-C18(250 mm×4.6 mm,5μm)柱为分析柱,0.02 mol/L KH2PO41-0.02 mol/L K2HPO4(V/V=1/1)的缓冲液为流动相进行洗脱,在254 nm波长下用高效液相色谱进行检测,外标法定量。研究表明,ATP、ADP、AMP、IMP和HxR线性范围为0.2-40.0μg/ml,Hx线性范围为0.1-20.0μg/ml,相关系数均大于0.999 0;ATP、ADP、AMP、IMP和HxR检出限为5.00 mg/kg,Hx检出限为2.5 mg/kg(S/N=3);对真鲷、鱼师鱼、鲑鱼、凡纳滨对虾和梭子蟹5种水产品进行3个浓度水平的加标实验,回收率在85.5%-105%之间,相对标准偏差(RSD)小于12.9%。实验结果表明,该方法简便、准确,适合于水产品中ATP关联物的测定。  相似文献
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为了深入了解牙鲆体内ATP关联化合物的变化,尤其是肌苷酸(IMP)降解这一限速步骤,利用高效液相色谱法(high efficiency liquid chromatography,HPLC)测定不同保藏条件下牙鲆体内ATP关联化合物和K值变化,并探讨了影响其变化的因素.结果显示,0℃保藏条件下牙鲆体内ATP在ld内迅速降解,产生IMP作为初期的主要积累物质,蓄积一段时间(10 d)后迅速降解为次黄嘌呤(Hx),IMP的降解过程呈现二相性;鱼肉制成鱼糜形态保藏,ATP 0 d时几乎降解完全,但IMP的降解过程仍旧呈现二相性;加入抗菌素的鱼肉中微生物的生长得到有效抑制,此时IMP降解缓慢并且呈线性下降,原本的蓄积过程消失,K值的增长速率也随之减慢;加入Tritonx-100破坏细胞膜结构发现,牙鲆体内IMP的降解速率加快,同时K值的增长速率也随之加快.结果表明,牙鲆的保藏形态影响ATP的降解速率,但几乎不影响其他关联产物的降解变化;保藏后期外源微生物产生的酶与内源酶的叠加作用是导致保藏后期IMP加速降解、从而呈现二相性的原因,微生物是影响ATP关联化合物降解的关键因素;表面活性剂通过改变细胞膜结构也能够影响IMP的降解过程.  相似文献
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