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1.
企业价值链优化的数量分析方法   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
分析企业价值链结构,进行企业价值链优化,对于提升企业核心竞争优势具有重要意义。通过对价值链的内涵和结构的重新思考,探讨了价值链优化的目标和方法。在对企业顾客价值实现程度和内部资源条件进行分析的基础上,结合动态成本分析和边际成本分析2种方法,建立了价值链优化的模糊线性规划模型。通过对轿车企业价值链结构的分析,给出了价值链优化模型的数值算例,并运用运筹学方法得出了最优的价值链成本结构。  相似文献
2.
从发达国家现代种业发展看种子科技价值链创新管理   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
以发达国家种子产业百余年历史变迁和跨国种业公司发展趋势为实证分析对象,研究指出实施种子科技价值链创新管理是提升我国现代种业核心竞争力的关键路径。阐述了种子科技价值链的概念、结构、系统功能和企业环境生态要素,以及实施种子科技价值链创新管理的核心思想和对策建议。  相似文献
3.
现代企业成本管理探析   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
李敏 《安徽农业科学》2007,35(1):255-256
在分析我国企业成本管理现状的基础上,提出了现代企业成本管理的对策.  相似文献
4.
Engagement for transformation: Value webs for local food system development   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Engagement happens when academics and non-academics form partnerships to create mutual understanding, and then take action together. An example is the “value web” work associated with W. K. Kellogg Foundation’s Food Systems Higher Education–Community Partnership. Partners nationally work on local food systems development by building value webs. “Value chains,” a concept with considerable currency in the private sector, involves creating non-hierarchical relationships among otherwise disparate actors and entities to achieve collective common goals. The value web concept is extended herein by separating the values of the web itself, such as the value of collaboration, from values “in” the web, such as credence values associated with a product or service. By sharing and discussing case examples of work underway around the United States, the authors make a case for employing the value webs concept to represent a strategy for local food systems development, specifically, and for higher education–community partnerships, generally.
Daniel R. BlockEmail:

Daniel R. Block   is an associate professor of geography and coordinator of the Frederick Blum Neighborhood Assistance Center at Chicago State University. His current research focuses on food access issues in urban environments, particularly in Chicago. Michael Thompson   is an assistant professor at Oregon State University, and a Seafood and Fisheries specialist for Oregon Sea Grant Extension. Primary areas of research include fisheries management, seafood quality/handling, and seafood product development. Jill Euken   is an industrial specialist for biobased products for Iowa State University Extension/CIRAS, and deputy director, ISU Bioeconomy Institute. She was part of the steering team for the Iowa Value Chain Partnership for Sustainable Agriculture and led the Bioeconomy Working Group. Toni Liquori   is a nutritionist, teacher and food activist with a long time interest in the design, implementation, and evaluation of school-based intervention programs and coalition building for activism around food related issues, as well as teaching and training in public health. Frank Fear   is senior associate dean, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources; and professor, in the Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resources Studies; and Senior Outreach Fellow at Michigan State University. He is lead author of Coming to Critical Engagement (University Press of America, 2006), an analysis of the engagement movement in higher education; and recently completed two terms as president of the Greater Lansing Food Bank. Sherill Baldwin   is ecology director at Mercy Center at Madison, Connecticut, a spiritual retreat and conference center. She previously provided consulting services to CitySeed, Inc. in New Haven (CT) and to Frank Fear and the W. K. Kellogg Foundation for a community learning project related to sustainable food systems. She has an MS in Resource Development from Michigan State University and a BA in Solid Waste Management from the University of Massachusetts.  相似文献
5.
After four-decade significant economic growth and development, China sets a series of goals aiming at sustainable medium to high speed economic growth,reasonable equity, and better market oriented economy. In this pursue, agriculture will take a crucial role. Under the Health China 2030, National Nutrition Plan (2017-2030) and Rural Vitalization Strategy, more attention has been paid on nutrition both in policy and research field, meanwhile the linkage between agriculture and nutrition is enhancing, but the integration of Agriculture-Food Security-Nutrition system is not yet completed. During the economic transformation, agriculture and food industry will play a key role, especially when considering the nutrition and health status will impact the national physical fitness and therefore influence the economic transformation approach. It may also impact whether China can move out of the Middle Income Trap to some extent. In the new development era, China needs a new food security development strategy to improve the national nutrition status and sets of policies to strengthen the integration of agriculture and nutrition. This paper reviewed the major challenges about China’s food security and put forward a new vision based on international experiences, which aimed at providing recommendations for designing China’s food security strategy. The key food security challenges include natural and environmental pressure, such as insufficiency and degradation of land resources, shortage and pollution of water resources, climate change and extreme disaster, fiscal pressure caused by increasing agriculture subsidy, Triple Burden of malnutrition, food safety issues and food loss and waste. It requires institutional and technical innovations for the transformation of agriculture development which means that more value added, nutritious and healthy food should be produced, the productivity and efficiency of water, land and energy should be improved, and environmentally friendly social inclusive development should be considered. All of those call for a transformation of China’s food security strategy. This paper put forwards a new vision for China’s food security: China should set nutrition-oriented food security strategy with nutrition indicators as key targeted goals, aim to eliminate hunger and undernutrition by 2025 while effectively reducing overweight/ obesity and food safety risks. Therefore policy innovations are recommended including: Improve nutrition governance, Market motivated and nutrition oriented agriculture support system, Promote Nutrition-based Food Production, Establish efficient, safe, and inclusive food value chains, Policy innovation for sustainable nutritious diet and nutrition education, and Evidence based research to support policy making.  相似文献
6.
我国大菱鲆产业价值链实证研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
随着规模的扩大,大菱鲆养殖产业逐渐从高利时代步入常利时代,各种深层次问题开始显现,产业升级已势在必行。着眼于产业内部,进行产业链优化整合可以提高产业运行效率、总利润和各环节的福利,是实现产业升级的切入点。基于实证调研,分析了我国大菱鲆产业链构成及产业价值链,初步研究结果表明,各环节价值增值量依次为:餐饮>养殖>育苗>综合经销>运输>批发>中介;资产收益率呈微笑曲线形态。  相似文献
7.
介绍了价值链理论、价值链理论与农业生产、农业推广的价值链,分析了农业推广的3个技术经济效益和6个社会经济效益,提出了要对农业推广价值再认识、加强法制建设、增加投入、加强管理、促进农业推广事业健康发展的建议。  相似文献
8.
9.
20世纪90年代以后,随着企业市场范围的扩大、项目规模的膨胀、市场领域的拓展,企业的竞争已经变为围绕价值链的竞争,企业竞争优势绝不是来源于价值链的某个环节,而是来源于整个价值链。企业的预算管理范围需要进一步扩大到整个价值链之上,对传统预算控制提出了挑战;与此同时,传统预算管理自身的矛盾和局限性也日渐显现,如传统预算与战略缺乏相关性,编制基础不尽合理,限制了企业的创新和整合等等;急需对原有的预算管理体系进行优化与创新。基于价值链的全面预算管理体系作为一种全面系统的管理模式,其成功运作还需要从多角度的认识和多方面的配合,需要在一个基本框下不断发展、不断完善。  相似文献
10.
钱圣  周春芳 《湖北农业科学》2012,51(7):1488-1493
目前农地整理项目普遍前期重建设后期轻管理,融资模式单一,政府资金有限,缺乏激励机制,项目管理不全面,项目评价不完善,导致项目效率都比较低下.如何有效地解决政府部门资金短缺和项目效率低下的问题成为当务之急,于是公私合作农地整理项目的模式应运而生.以利益相关者理论和价值链理论为基础,构建了公私合作模式农地整理项目的资金、政策、产品和服务以及技术知识价值链,通过对比传统模式下的农地整理项目分析了公私合作模式农地整理项目价值实现和价值增值过程,并得出保证项目价值增值的几点建议.  相似文献
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