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海螺沟050811特大泥石流灾害及减灾对策   总被引:15,自引:1,他引:14       下载免费PDF全文
四川省泸定县海螺沟2005年8月11日发生了超过100 a一遇的特大泥石流灾害。这次灾害点多、面广,几乎同时暴发。通过对这次灾害的实地考察,分析了灾害发生的地质、气象、地貌等方面原因。灾害主要原因是特大暴雨激发所致。结合该流域历史的泥石流活动情况,进行了简要的发展趋势分析。针对当地的社会条件和自然条件,提出了防灾、减灾对策,具体分为应急处理措施和后期防治建议。  相似文献
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磷石膏专用复混肥缓解红壤花生连作障碍效果   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
红壤长期连作花生产生严重连作障碍,影响花生生产。本试验研究磷化工废弃物在缓解花生连作障碍上的效果,采用磷石膏与化学氮肥、化学磷肥、化学钾肥不同比例制成磷石膏专用复混肥,施用于中科院江西红壤生态试验站花生连作田块,考察对红壤养分及花生生理性状及产量的影响。结果表明: 施用含磷石膏专用复混肥比使用常规复合肥处理增产3.5-45.1%,土壤中的全氮、速效氮、和速效钾含量升高,植株全N、P、K含量均有提高,施用磷石膏专用肥可以有效缓解红壤地区花生连作障碍。  相似文献
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江苏沿海地区有大量的滨海盐土,植物难以生长,如能改良,是一种重要的农业资源。本文以如东滩涂滨海盐土为研究对象,采用室内盆栽试验,研究施用磷石膏改良剂对滨海盐土的改良效果。结果表明:磷石膏改良剂能有效的促进小麦的生长,改良剂5的小麦株高比对照2增加47.4%和68.3%,生物量分别增加66.7%和74.4%;随着磷石膏改良剂的用量增加,土壤的养分含量逐渐提高,特别是速效磷,改良剂5比对照1分别增加245.8%和463.4%;土壤盐分由原来的有害氯化钠盐占主导转变为对植物无害的硫酸盐,优化了土壤盐分组合;同时土壤的PH下降,与对照1比,下降幅度分别为7.4%和13.7%,且PH值与磷石膏改良剂的用量呈负相关,说明磷石膏对滨海盐土有很好的改良效果。  相似文献
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四川省会理县的地貌条件、地质条件和水文气象条件为地质灾害发育提供了良好基础,县域内地质灾害频繁.2008年8月30日("8·30")地震不仅加剧了原有的地质灾害,而且还引发了多处新的地质灾害点.通过发放地质灾害普查表、典型区域的遥感调查和重点区域的专家详查等调查方法,获得地震诱发的新增地质灾害隐患点55处,其中崩塌8处、滑坡25处、泥石流2处和不稳定斜坡20处.新增灾害点主要集中在县域南部高山峡谷区,特别是沿金沙江一带.根据震后地质灾害的调查结果,以2 km×2 km为单元格对县域内地质灾害易发程度进行分区,主要分为三级地质灾害易发区:高易发区、中易发区、低易发区,分别占全县总面积的42.4%,37.1%,20.5%.最后,提出了建立群测群防网络及监测预警系统实施全面防灾、突发性地质灾害实施紧急防治、重要地质灾害隐患点实施综合防治、加强地质环境管理和实施预防减灾等防治对策.  相似文献
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The B-ring substitution pattern of flavonols is a significant structural feature for their function as free radical scavengers and antioxidants. In this paper, four differently substituted B-ring hydroxylation flavonols (galangin, kaempferol, quercetin, and myricetin) and a flavonol glycoside (quercitrin) were studied for their ability to bind BSA by quenching the protein intrinsic fluorescence. From the spectra obtained, the biomolecular quenching constants, the apparent static binding constants, and the binding site values were calculated. The B-ring hydroxylation of flavonols significantly affected the binding/quenching process; in general, the binding affinity increased with the number of hydroxyl groups on the B-ring. The binding constants ( Ka) were determined as myricetin (4.90 x 10(8) L/mol) > quercetin (3.65 x 10(7) L/mol) > kaempferol (2.57 x 10(6) L/mol) > galangin (6.43 x 10(5) L/mol). The glycoside substitute at the C-ring position decreased the binding affinity. The chromatographic retention factor ( K') and logarithms of apparent partition coefficient (log Kow) were linear to the logarithms of apparent binding constants (log Ka) for flavonols with increasing hydroxyl groups on the B-ring. These results showed that the hydrogen bond force play an important role in binding flavonols to BSA. These results are also in agreement with the generally accepted structure-dependent free radical scavenger and antioxidant abilities of flavonols.  相似文献
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The mechanism of enhanced effect of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on huperzine A's (HUP) inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in rats was investigated. The inhibitory effects of HUP at 10 and 5 microg/kg on AChE activity were quite weak in the whole phase. In contrast, upon addition of EGCG (100 mg/kg) to the HUP 10 and 5 microg/kg groups, remarkably enhanced inhibitory effects with maximum inhibitory percentages of 90.94 and 88.13% were observed under the same conditions. EGCG also can greatly prolong the inhibitory time. The mechanism of the enhanced effects of EGCG on HUP's inhibition of AChE activity was investigated by steady fluorescence spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and ultraviolet spectroscopy. HUP hardly interacted with the main transport protein, whereas there was a very strong binding interaction between EGCG and bovine serum albumin. The enhanced transport of HUP is a possible cause of the enhanced effect of EGCG on HUP bioactivity.  相似文献
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